Spiritual Training

Spiritual Training X2

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March 23 - Morning

"Meanwhile Boaz went up to the town gate and sat down there just as the guardian-redeemer he had mentionedcame along.
Boaz said, 'Come over here, my friend, and sit down.'
So he went over and sat down.
Boaz took ten of the elders of the town and said, 'Sit here,' and they did so. 
Then he said to the guardian-redeemer, 'Naomi, who has come back from Moab, is selling the piece of land that belonged to our relative Elimelek. I thought I should bring the matter to your attention and suggest that you buy it in the presence of these seated here and in the presence of the elders of my people. If you will redeem it, do so. But if you will not, tell me, so I will know. For no one has the right to do it except you, and I am next in line.'
'I will redeem it,' he said.
Then Boaz said, 'On the day you buy the land from Naomi, you also acquire Ruth the Moabite, the dead man’s widow, in order to maintain the name of the dead with his property.'
At this, the guardian-redeemer said, 'Then I cannot redeem it because I might endanger my own estate. You redeem it yourself. I cannot do it.'
(Now in earlier times in Israel, for the redemption and transfer of property to become final, one party took off his sandal and gave it to the other. This was the method of legalizing transactions in Israel.)
So the guardian-redeemer said to Boaz, 'Buy it yourself.'
And he removed his sandal."

- Ruth 4:1-8

Boaz Buys a Field...and, Gets a Wife

Boaz had slept with his grain at the threshing floor so he could keep an eye on his grain and rise early to work in the morning hours. But, in the morning Boaz goes immediately to the city gate of Bethlehem after Ruth’s encounter with him at the threshing floor the previous evening. In fact, Boaz is at the city gate waiting when the men of the city are leaving to go out to harvest the grain and work at the threshing floors.

Naomi’s dead husband owned land that would have passed as an inheritance to Naomi’s sons. The legal code of Israel stressed the importance of keeping the land and property in the family. If there were no sons (or, daughters) to inherit the property the whole estate would be offered to the next of kin who would redeem the property for the family. In this case part of the property was the financial responsibility to provide and care for the first man’s wife Naomi. This would be expected. But, in this case the dead son also had wife, Ruth, who had no children. The man who bought the estate would have to marry Ruth, produce a child through Ruth, and then allow that child to receive the inheritance of his grandfather (Naomi’s husband Elimeleck) and Ruth’s first husband, Mahlon (Ruth 4:10). Taking on the care and responsibility of Naomi, who was an older woman, was a financial responsibility, but it came with benefits of adding her property to the redeemer’s estate. But, taking Ruth as a wife, producing a child with her and then, handing that child the estate that had been purchased with money from your own children’s estate was not profitable. In fact, the kinsman who purchased Naomi’s estate would be investing money from his own estate which would then be given to Naomi’s grandson. Depending on the wealth of the kinsman redeemer this could actually wipe out an entire estate.

That morning Boaz waits at the city gate where everyone leaving the city would pass by on their way to the fields. When Boaz sees Naomi’s closest relative he calls to him, “Come over here, my friend, and sit down.” The phrase “my friend” is peloni ‘almoni in the Hebrew and simply means “Mr. No Name.” The writer of the book of Ruth does not want this man’s name revealed either because it is not important, he does not want the man’s name known or remembered, or because it is disgraceful not to step up and do your part as a kinsman redeemer.

Mr. No Name sits down by Boaz in Bethlehem’s city gate. Boaz then calls ten of the elders who are passing by to join him and Mr. No Name to serve as witnesses of this legal transaction that is about to take place.

When Boaz tells Mr. No Name that there is this opportunity to purchase some property and care for the widow, Mr. No Name responds using the emphatic pronoun in the literal Hebrew: “I, yes, I will redeem.” Mr. No Name sees this as a chance to invest some of his estate in order to add to his estate. He has stepped into the thinking Boaz apparently wanted him to, because the presentation of this legal case comes in two parts from Boaz. First was the investment into the property. But, second, is going to be the widow who needs a child in order to maintain the family’s estate that the kinsman redeemer is going to buy.

Presentation part two by Boaz includes the introduction of the dead son’s widow, who is a Moabite whose property you will be maintaining in order to preserve the dead man’s name! Could Boaz have painted a more bleak picture of Ruth than presenting her as a dead man’s widow and as a foreigner from Moab? That picture of Ruth, coupled with the fact that Mr. No Name is going to have to tap into his own estate to make this transaction, so that in the end, he can give the property to the son he has with this Moabite widow, is too much to ask. Mr. No Name admits, “I cannot redeem it because I might endanger my own estate. You redeem it yourself. I cannot do it.”

With that Mr. No Name removed his sandal and gave it to Boaz to legalize the transaction. The image presented by the removing of the sandal comes from two sources:
  1. Deuteronomy 25:7-10 explains that a widow who is rejected by her husband’s brother or closest relative will go to him in the city gate and remove his sandal and spit in his face for rejecting her.
  2. The Nuzi Tablets from this same time period use the image of the removed sandal as a legal handing over of the right to walk on the property being transferred. The Nuzi Tablets actually says that a man would “lift up his foot from his property” and he would have “placed the foot of the other man on it.” (It would be interesting to consider Genesis 13:17, Joshua 1:3, Deuteronomy 11:24 and Psalm 60:8; 108:9 in light of this legal symbol of transaction in regard to property.)
‘Em (Gr) – Mother (Eng) – ‘em is a Hebrew word that means “mother,” “grandmother,” “caregiver,” and “source.” ‘Em is translated as “mother” in Genesis 2:24 and Exodus 22:30 and as “grandmother” in 1 Kings 15:10 and 2 Chronicles 15:16. The English word “birth” is the translation of the literal translation “from womb of mother” in the Hebrew phrase min beten ‘em.
Do I waste my time arguing with people who will never listen?
Do I waste time posting on the internet and engaging in endless debates that merely burn up time?
I will teach and share knowledge, but not with mockers and those who refuse to understand.

Bible Reading Descriptions Here


Complete Text

General Text


Opportunity to lead someone to Christ


Spirit of giving
Local school system

The Jewish synagogue in Korazin. (Photos here and here)
Details of locations mentioned by Isaiah in Isaiah 66:19.

Someone to Quote

“This is not a university town full of philosophies; it is a Zion of the hundred sieges raging with religions; not a place where resolutions can be voted and amended, but a place where men can be crowned and crucified.”  - G.K. Chesterton, The New Jerusalem

Something to Ponder

The Indwelling of the Holy Spirit is given to all believers at the point of salvation. Doctrinal statements concerning the indwelling Holy Spirit include:
Holy Spirit is given to every believer as a gift – Jn.7:37-39; Acts 11:16-17; R.5:5; 1 Cor.2:12; 2 Cor.5:5.
No indwelling Holy Spirit means not saved and never were saved – Rm.8:9; Jude 19-these men were natural, not indwelt.
Sinning Believers still have the indwelling Holy Spirit – 1 Cor.6:19; 1 Cor. 5:5.
. Indwelling is permanent – Jn.14:16; Rm.8:9.
Believing the message of salvation is the required act of obedience – Acts 5:32; Acts 6:7; Rm. 1:5; Heb.5:9
Temporal indwellings are in the Old Testament and before Pentecost – 1 Sam.16:14; Psalm 51:11; Luke 11:13

Here’s a Fact

Revelation 2:17 records Jesus making the promise to the people of Pergamum that to those who were victorious he would give them a white stone with a new name written on that white stone. Interestingly, a white stone inscribed with names has been found at Pergamum. (Photo; Details.)


"Do not speak to fools, for they will scorn your prudent words."
- Proverbs 23:9

Coach’s Corner

Often the difference between success and failure is recognizing the opportunity or ignoring the opportunity.

Revelation 2:17
New International Version (NIV)
17 Whoever has ears, let them hear what the Spirit says to the churches. To the one who is victorious, I will give some of the hidden manna. I will also give that person a white stone with a new name written on it, known only to the one who receives it.
Deuteronomy 25:7-10
New International Version (NIV)
However, if a man does not want to marry his brother’s wife, she shall go to the elders at the town gate and say, “My husband’s brother refuses to carry on his brother’s name in Israel. He will not fulfill the duty of a brother-in-law to me.” Then the elders of his town shall summon him and talk to him. If he persists in saying, “I do not want to marry her,” his brother’s widow shall go up to him in the presence of the elders, take off one of his sandals, spit in his face and say, “This is what is done to the man who will not build up his brother’s family line.” 10 That man’s line shall be known in Israel as The Family of the Unsandaled.
Genesis 13:17
New International Version (NIV)
17 Go, walk through the length and breadth of the land, for I am giving it to you.”
Joshua 1:3-4
New International Version (NIV)
I will give you every place where you set your foot, as I promised Moses. Your territory will extend from the desert to Lebanon, and from the great river, the Euphrates—all the Hittite country—to the Mediterranean Sea in the west.
Deuteronomy 11:24
New International Version (NIV)
24 Every place where you set your foot will be yours: Your territory will extend from the desert to Lebanon, and from the Euphrates River to the Mediterranean Sea.
Psalm 60:8
New International Version (NIV)

Moab is my washbasin,     on Edom I toss my sandal;     over Philistia I shout in triumph.”

Psalm 108:9
New International Version (NIV)

Moab is my washbasin,     on Edom I toss my sandal;     over Philistia I shout in triumph.”
Genesis 2:24
New International Version (NIV)
24 That is why a man leaves his father and mother and is united to his wife, and they become one flesh.
Exodus 22:30
New International Version (NIV)
30 Do the same with your cattle and your sheep. Let them stay with their mothers for seven days, but give them to me on the eighth day.
1 Kings 15:10
New International Version (NIV)
10 and he reigned in Jerusalem forty-one years. His grandmother’s name was Maakah daughter of Abishalom.
2 Chronicles 15:16
New International Version (NIV)
16 King Asa also deposed his grandmother Maakah from her position as queen mother, because she had made a repulsive image for the worship of Asherah. Asa cut it down, broke it up and burned it in the Kidron Valley.
Isaiah 66:19
New International Version (NIV)
19 “I will set a sign among them, and I will send some of those who survive to the nations—to Tarshish, to the Libyans and Lydians (famous as archers), to Tubal and Greece, and to the distant islands that have not heard of my fame or seen my glory. They will proclaim my glory among the nations.
Numbers 15
New International Version (NIV)
Supplementary Offerings
15 The Lord said to Moses, “Speak to the Israelites and say to them: ‘After you enter the land I am giving you as a home and you present to the Lord food offerings from the herd or the flock, as an aroma pleasing to the Lord—whether burnt offerings or sacrifices, for special vows or freewill offerings or festival offerings— then the person who brings an offering shall present to the Lord a grain offering of a tenth of an ephah of the finest flour mixed with a quarter of a hin of olive oil. With each lamb for the burnt offering or the sacrifice, prepare a quarter of a hin of wine as a drink offering.
“‘With a ram prepare a grain offering of two-tenths of an ephah of the finest flour mixed with a third of a hin of olive oil, and a third of a hin of wine as a drink offering. Offer it as an aroma pleasing to the Lord.
“‘When you prepare a young bull as a burnt offering or sacrifice, for a special vow or a fellowship offering to the Lord, bring with the bull a grain offering of three-tenths of an ephah of the finest flour mixed with half a hin of olive oil, 10 and also bring half a hin of wine as a drink offering. This will be a food offering, an aroma pleasing to the Lord. 11 Each bull or ram, each lamb or young goat, is to be prepared in this manner. 12 Do this for each one, for as many as you prepare.
13 “‘Everyone who is native-born must do these things in this way when they present a food offering as an aroma pleasing to the Lord. 14 For the generations to come, whenever a foreigner or anyone else living among you presents a food offering as an aroma pleasing to the Lord, they must do exactly as you do. 15 The community is to have the same rules for you and for the foreigner residing among you; this is a lasting ordinance for the generations to come. You and the foreigner shall be the same before the Lord: 16 The same laws and regulations will apply both to you and to the foreigner residing among you.’”
17 The Lord said to Moses, 18 “Speak to the Israelites and say to them: ‘When you enter the land to which I am taking you 19 and you eat the food of the land, present a portion as an offering to the Lord. 20 Present a loaf from the first of your ground meal and present it as an offering from the threshing floor. 21 Throughout the generations to come you are to give this offering to the Lord from the first of your ground meal.
Offerings for Unintentional Sins
22 “‘Now if you as a community unintentionally fail to keep any of these commands the Lord gave Moses— 23 any of the Lord’s commands to you through him, from the day the Lord gave them and continuing through the generations to come— 24 and if this is done unintentionally without the community being aware of it, then the whole community is to offer a young bull for a burnt offering as an aroma pleasing to the Lord, along with its prescribed grain offering and drink offering, and a male goat for a sin offering. 25 The priest is to make atonement for the whole Israelite community, and they will be forgiven, for it was not intentional and they have presented to the Lord for their wrong a food offering and a sin offering. 26 The whole Israelite community and the foreigners residing among them will be forgiven, because all the people were involved in the unintentional wrong.
27 “‘But if just one person sins unintentionally, that person must bring a year-old female goat for a sin offering. 28 The priest is to make atonement before the Lord for the one who erred by sinning unintentionally, and when atonement has been made, that person will be forgiven. 29 One and the same law applies to everyone who sins unintentionally, whether a native-born Israelite or a foreigner residing among you.
30 “‘But anyone who sins defiantly, whether native-born or foreigner, blasphemes the Lord and must be cut off from the people of Israel. 31 Because they have despised the Lord’s word and broken his commands, they must surely be cut off; their guilt remains on them.’”
The Sabbath-Breaker Put to Death
32 While the Israelites were in the wilderness, a man was found gathering wood on the Sabbath day. 33 Those who found him gathering wood brought him to Moses and Aaron and the whole assembly, 34 and they kept him in custody, because it was not clear what should be done to him. 35 Then the Lord said to Moses, “The man must die. The whole assembly must stone him outside the camp.” 36 So the assembly took him outside the camp and stoned him to death, as the Lord commanded Moses.
Tassels on Garments
37 The Lord said to Moses, 38 “Speak to the Israelites and say to them: ‘Throughout the generations to come you are to make tassels on the corners of your garments, with a blue cord on each tassel. 39 You will have these tassels to look at and so you will remember all the commands of the Lord, that you may obey them and not prostitute yourselves by chasing after the lusts of your own hearts and eyes. 40 Then you will remember to obey all my commands and will be consecrated to your God. 41 I am the Lord your God, who brought you out of Egypt to be your God. I am the Lord your God.’”
Judges 21
New International Version (NIV)
Wives for the Benjamites
21 The men of Israel had taken an oath at Mizpah: “Not one of us will give his daughter in marriage to a Benjamite.”
The people went to Bethel, where they sat before God until evening, raising their voices and weeping bitterly. “Lord, God of Israel,” they cried, “why has this happened to Israel? Why should one tribe be missing from Israel today?”
Early the next day the people built an altar and presented burnt offerings and fellowship offerings.
Then the Israelites asked, “Who from all the tribes of Israel has failed to assemble before the Lord?” For they had taken a solemn oath that anyone who failed to assemble before the Lord at Mizpah was to be put to death.
Now the Israelites grieved for the tribe of Benjamin, their fellow Israelites. “Today one tribe is cut off from Israel,” they said. “How can we provide wives for those who are left, since we have taken an oath by the Lord not to give them any of our daughters in marriage?” Then they asked, “Which one of the tribes of Israel failed to assemble before the Lord at Mizpah?” They discovered that no one from Jabesh Gilead had come to the camp for the assembly. For when they counted the people, they found that none of the people of Jabesh Gilead were there.
10 So the assembly sent twelve thousand fighting men with instructions to go to Jabesh Gilead and put to the sword those living there, including the women and children. 11 “This is what you are to do,” they said. “Kill every male and every woman who is not a virgin.” 12 They found among the people living in Jabesh Gilead four hundred young women who had never slept with a man, and they took them to the camp at Shiloh in Canaan.
13 Then the whole assembly sent an offer of peace to the Benjamites at the rock of Rimmon. 14 So the Benjamites returned at that time and were given the women of Jabesh Gilead who had been spared. But there were not enough for all of them.
15 The people grieved for Benjamin, because the Lord had made a gap in the tribes of Israel. 16 And the elders of the assembly said, “With the women of Benjamin destroyed, how shall we provide wives for the men who are left? 17 The Benjamite survivors must have heirs,” they said, “so that a tribe of Israel will not be wiped out. 18 We can’t give them our daughters as wives, since we Israelites have taken this oath: ‘Cursed be anyone who gives a wife to a Benjamite.’ 19 But look, there is the annual festival of the Lord in Shiloh, which lies north of Bethel, east of the road that goes from Bethel to Shechem, and south of Lebonah.”
20 So they instructed the Benjamites, saying, “Go and hide in the vineyards 21 and watch. When the young women of Shiloh come out to join in the dancing, rush from the vineyards and each of you seize one of them to be your wife. Then return to the land of Benjamin. 22 When their fathers or brothers complain to us, we will say to them, ‘Do us the favor of helping them, because we did not get wives for them during the war. You will not be guilty of breaking your oath because you did not give your daughters to them.’”
23 So that is what the Benjamites did. While the young women were dancing, each man caught one and carried her off to be his wife. Then they returned to their inheritance and rebuilt the towns and settled in them.
24 At that time the Israelites left that place and went home to their tribes and clans, each to his own inheritance.
25 In those days Israel had no king; everyone did as they saw fit.
Joshua 1-2
New International Version (NIV)
Joshua Installed as Leader
After the death of Moses the servant of the Lord, the Lord said to Joshua son of Nun, Moses’ aide: “Moses my servant is dead. Now then, you and all these people, get ready to cross the Jordan River into the land I am about to give to them—to the Israelites. I will give you every place where you set your foot, as I promised Moses. Your territory will extend from the desert to Lebanon, and from the great river, the Euphrates—all the Hittite country—to the Mediterranean Sea in the west. No one will be able to stand against you all the days of your life. As I was with Moses, so I will be with you; I will never leave you nor forsake you. Be strong and courageous, because you will lead these people to inherit the land I swore to their ancestors to give them.
“Be strong and very courageous. Be careful to obey all the law my servant Moses gave you; do not turn from it to the right or to the left, that you may be successful wherever you go. Keep this Book of the Law always on your lips; meditate on it day and night, so that you may be careful to do everything written in it. Then you will be prosperous and successful. Have I not commanded you? Be strong and courageous. Do not be afraid; do not be discouraged, for the Lord your God will be with you wherever you go.”
10 So Joshua ordered the officers of the people: 11 “Go through the camp and tell the people, ‘Get your provisions ready. Three days from now you will cross the Jordan here to go in and take possession of the land the Lord your God is giving you for your own.’”
12 But to the Reubenites, the Gadites and the half-tribe of Manasseh, Joshua said, 13 “Remember the command that Moses the servant of the Lord gave you after he said, ‘The Lord your God will give you rest by giving you this land.’ 14 Your wives, your children and your livestock may stay in the land that Moses gave you east of the Jordan, but all your fighting men, ready for battle, must cross over ahead of your fellow Israelites. You are to help them 15 until the Lord gives them rest, as he has done for you, and until they too have taken possession of the land the Lord your God is giving them. After that, you may go back and occupy your own land, which Moses the servant of the Lord gave you east of the Jordan toward the sunrise.”
16 Then they answered Joshua, “Whatever you have commanded us we will do, and wherever you send us we will go. 17 Just as we fully obeyed Moses, so we will obey you. Only may the Lord your God be with you as he was with Moses. 18 Whoever rebels against your word and does not obey it, whatever you may command them, will be put to death. Only be strong and courageous!”
Rahab and the Spies
Then Joshua son of Nun secretly sent two spies from Shittim. “Go, look over the land,” he said, “especially Jericho.” So they went and entered the house of a prostitute named Rahab and stayed there.
The king of Jericho was told, “Look, some of the Israelites have come here tonight to spy out the land.” So the king of Jericho sent this message to Rahab: “Bring out the men who came to you and entered your house, because they have come to spy out the whole land.”
But the woman had taken the two men and hidden them. She said, “Yes, the men came to me, but I did not know where they had come from. At dusk, when it was time to close the city gate, they left. I don’t know which way they went. Go after them quickly. You may catch up with them.” (But she had taken them up to the roof and hidden them under the stalks of flax she had laid out on the roof.) So the men set out in pursuit of the spies on the road that leads to the fords of the Jordan, and as soon as the pursuers had gone out, the gate was shut.
Before the spies lay down for the night, she went up on the roof and said to them, “I know that the Lord has given you this land and that a great fear of you has fallen on us, so that all who live in this country are melting in fear because of you. 10 We have heard how the Lord dried up the water of the Red Sea for you when you came out of Egypt, and what you did to Sihon and Og, the two kings of the Amorites east of the Jordan, whom you completely destroyed. 11 When we heard of it, our hearts melted in fear and everyone’s courage failed because of you, for the Lord your God is God in heaven above and on the earth below.
12 “Now then, please swear to me by the Lord that you will show kindness to my family, because I have shown kindness to you. Give me a sure sign 13 that you will spare the lives of my father and mother, my brothers and sisters, and all who belong to them—and that you will save us from death.”
14 “Our lives for your lives!” the men assured her. “If you don’t tell what we are doing, we will treat you kindly and faithfully when the Lord gives us the land.”
15 So she let them down by a rope through the window, for the house she lived in was part of the city wall. 16 She said to them, “Go to the hills so the pursuers will not find you. Hide yourselves there three days until they return, and then go on your way.”
17 Now the men had said to her, “This oath you made us swear will not be binding on us 18 unless, when we enter the land, you have tied this scarlet cord in the window through which you let us down, and unless you have brought your father and mother, your brothers and all your family into your house. 19 If any of them go outside your house into the street, their blood will be on their own heads; we will not be responsible. As for those who are in the house with you, their blood will be on our head if a hand is laid on them. 20 But if you tell what we are doing, we will be released from the oath you made us swear.”
21 “Agreed,” she replied. “Let it be as you say.”
So she sent them away, and they departed. And she tied the scarlet cord in the window.
22 When they left, they went into the hills and stayed there three days, until the pursuers had searched all along the road and returned without finding them. 23 Then the two men started back. They went down out of the hills, forded the river and came to Joshua son of Nun and told him everything that had happened to them. 24 They said to Joshua, “The Lord has surely given the whole land into our hands; all the people are melting in fear because of us.”

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