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March 27 - Evening

"Samuel summoned the people of Israel to the Lord at Mizpah...Samuel said to all the people, “Do you see the man the Lord has chosen?  There is no one like him among all the people.”
Then the people shouted, “Long live the king!”
Samuel explained to the people the rights and duties of kingship. He wrote them down on a scroll and deposited it before the Lord. Then Samuel dismissed the people to go to their own homes.
Saul also went to his home in Gibeah, accompanied by valiant men whose hearts God had touched."
- First Samuel 10:17, 24-26

Saul Chosen by Lot and Introduced as King of Israel

The people of Israel and their elders had demanded that Samuel appoint a king for Israel. God had shown Samuel who his choice was, but now the people need to see it was the Lord who chose Saul. The prophet and judge, Samuel, had not merely made a human choice when he anointed Saul, but was following divine leadership.

Samuel calls the people to meet at Mizpah in a divine assembly. At Mizpah Saul is selected by lot from all the possible rivals who could lay claim to a right to rule. Samuel follows this selection of Saul by lot by stating;
“Do you see the man the Lord has chosen? There is no one like him among all the people!”
Samuel is verbalizing the divine selection of Saul and stating the fact that no one else could claim that they had been chosen at this solemn assembly. There is, indeed, “no one like” Saul who had been chosen and had a future in God’s plans as the king, ruler, leader and judge of Israel. The people’s only response is to accept the Lord’s choice, so they respond by saying:         
“Long live the king!”

This legality of this assembly and the establishment of this kingship were confirmed and documented in written form and placed in the sanctuary (which may have been at the High Place of Gibeah since Shiloh had fallen.) This document would have included the rights and responsibilities of both the king and his subjects. It was the legal documents of the suzerain covenant between these two parties. It is worth noting that literacy is an assumed acquired educational trait that was commonly available in Israel. The creation and spread of the phonetic alphabet by the Phoenicians (Canaanites) around 1200 BC would have made mastery of reading and writing very accessible in Israel at this time (1050 BC)
Interestingly, instead of immediately assuming his role as king and ruler over the twelve tribes, Saul, probably following the model set by the judges, returned to his home, to his farm and to his work on his land. The main difference is that a group of patriots anticipating a conflict for the liberation of Israel from the Philistines accompany Saul back to his home. They stand ready to assist the chosen man of God in his service to his nation. (There is a group of dissenters in 1 Samuel 10:27 and 11:12)
Loidoreo (Gr) – Revile (Eng) – loidoreo is a Greek word that means “to abuse and “to revile.” Loidoreo is used in John 9:28, Acts 23:4 and 1 Peter 2:23
Am I a good friend?
Do I speak words of correction and guidance as well as comfort and agreement to my friends?
I will be a faithful friend who both supports and guides those who trust me as a friend.

Bible Reading Descriptions Here


(morning only)

Complete Text

General Text




Avoid legalism
Social Justice

A view of the Dead Sea through the rocks by the caves and water falls of En Gedi in the hills on the west side of the Dead Sea. Here in En Gedi there is life and fresh water, but below is the baren salt covered coast of the Dead Sea. (See En Gedi and the Dead Sea.)
Details of the site of the crucifixion and burial of Jesus in an abandoned quarry that had been converted into a garden with tombs cut in the exhausted quarry which was still outside the walls of Jerusalem in 30 AD. (Details)

Someone to Quote

"God wants us to know we are saved, for saved people are dangerous people, willing to face off with the world, unafraid of the consequences since they know that, whatever happens, they will have eternal life.”
-Max Lucado

Something to Ponder

Why the Late Date is Wrong Some critics of the Old Testament reject the idea that Moses wrote Genesis thru Deuteronomy in 1400 BC. Instead they say the first five books of the Old Testament were forged around the time of Josiah’s reform in 621 BC, or when the Jews returned from the Babylonian Captivity in 500 BC. This theory is wrong for several reasons. Imagine what would have happened if the scribes and priests had suddenly presented a written copy of the “Law of Moses” to the Jews for the very first time in 621 BC or 535 BC. Imagine an entire generation of Jews being told that priests had found some authorative documents that they had previously lost, that included never seen before information concerning ancestors, history, God and religion. How could they have suddenly accepted: 1. A man named Moses led them out of slavery 900 ago. 2. The men needed to practice circumcision, now! 3. The priests who had lost these books, had now "found" these books. 4. The priests were in charge of a religious system that required that the people support these same priests with tithes and offerings. 5. People needed to build a temple and keep festivals celebrating events that they had never heard of before.

Here’s a Fact

A seal with the name “Jotham” was found at ancient Ezion Geber (modern Eilat at the Gulf of Aqaba). This seal belonged to a wealthy and influential man since it is mounted in copper. Jotham was a powerful king of Judah who conquered the Ammonites and ruled for 16 years. (2 Ch. 27:1-9)
(Details here and here. Photos.)


"Wounds from a friend can be trusted, but an enemy multiplies kisses."
- Proverbs 27:6

Coach’s Corner

Joy is only experienced by a clear conscience.

2 Chronicles 27:1-9
New International Version (NIV)
Jotham King of Judah
27 Jotham was twenty-five years old when he became king, and he reigned in Jerusalem sixteen years. His mother’s name was Jerusha daughter of Zadok. He did what was right in the eyes of the Lord, just as his father Uzziah had done, but unlike him he did not enter the temple of the Lord. The people, however, continued their corrupt practices. Jotham rebuilt the Upper Gate of the temple of the Lord and did extensive work on the wall at the hill of Ophel. He built towns in the hill country of Judah and forts and towers in the wooded areas.
Jotham waged war against the king of the Ammonites and conquered them. That year the Ammonites paid him a hundred talents of silver, ten thousand cors of wheat and ten thousand cors of barley. The Ammonites brought him the same amount also in the second and third years.
Jotham grew powerful because he walked steadfastly before the Lord his God.
The other events in Jotham’s reign, including all his wars and the other things he did, are written in the book of the kings of Israel and Judah. He was twenty-five years old when he became king, and he reigned in Jerusalem sixteen years. Jotham rested with his ancestors and was buried in the City of David. And Ahaz his son succeeded him as king.
1 Samuel 10:27
New International Version (NIV)
27 But some scoundrels said, “How can this fellow save us?” They despised him and brought him no gifts. But Saul kept silent.
1 Samuel 11:12
New International Version (NIV)
Saul Confirmed as King
12 The people then said to Samuel, “Who was it that asked, ‘Shall Saul reign over us?’ Turn these men over to us so that we may put them to death.”
John 9:28
New International Version (NIV)
28 Then they hurled insults at him and said, “You are this fellow’s disciple! We are disciples of Moses!
Acts 23:4
New International Version (NIV)
Those who were standing near Paul said, “How dare you insult God’s high priest!”
1 Peter 2:23
New International Version (NIV)
23 When they hurled their insults at him, he did not retaliate; when he suffered, he made no threats. Instead, he entrusted himself to him who judges justly.
1 Samuel 5
New International Version (NIV)
The Ark in Ashdod and Ekron
After the Philistines had captured the ark of God, they took it from Ebenezer to Ashdod. Then they carried the ark into Dagon’s temple and set it beside Dagon. When the people of Ashdod rose early the next day, there was Dagon, fallen on his face on the ground before the ark of the Lord! They took Dagon and put him back in his place. But the following morning when they rose, there was Dagon, fallen on his face on the ground before the ark of the Lord! His head and hands had been broken off and were lying on the threshold; only his body remained. That is why to this day neither the priests of Dagon nor any others who enter Dagon’s temple at Ashdod step on the threshold.
The Lord’s hand was heavy on the people of Ashdod and its vicinity; he brought devastation on them and afflicted them with tumors. When the people of Ashdod saw what was happening, they said, “The ark of the god of Israel must not stay here with us, because his hand is heavy on us and on Dagon our god.” So they called together all the rulers of the Philistines and asked them, “What shall we do with the ark of the god of Israel?”
They answered, “Have the ark of the god of Israel moved to Gath.” So they moved the ark of the God of Israel.
But after they had moved it, the Lord’s hand was against that city, throwing it into a great panic. He afflicted the people of the city, both young and old, with an outbreak of tumors. 10 So they sent the ark of God to Ekron.
As the ark of God was entering Ekron, the people of Ekron cried out, “They have brought the ark of the god of Israel around to us to kill us and our people.”
11 So they called together all the rulers of the Philistines and said, “Send the ark of the god of Israel away; let it go back to its own place, or it will kill us and our people.” For death had filled the city with panic; God’s hand was very heavy on it. 12 Those who did not die were afflicted with tumors, and the outcry of the city went up to heaven.
Joshua 18
New International Version (NIV)
Division of the Rest of the Land
18 The whole assembly of the Israelites gathered at Shiloh and set up the tent of meeting there. The country was brought under their control, but there were still seven Israelite tribes who had not yet received their inheritance.
So Joshua said to the Israelites: “How long will you wait before you begin to take possession of the land that the Lord, the God of your ancestors, has given you? Appoint three men from each tribe. I will send them out to make a survey of the land and to write a description of it, according to the inheritance of each. Then they will return to me. You are to divide the land into seven parts. Judah is to remain in its territory on the south and the tribes of Joseph in their territory on the north. After you have written descriptions of the seven parts of the land, bring them here to me and I will cast lots for you in the presence of the Lord our God. The Levites, however, do not get a portion among you, because the priestly service of the Lord is their inheritance. And Gad, Reuben and the half-tribe of Manasseh have already received their inheritance on the east side of the Jordan. Moses the servant of the Lord gave it to them.”
As the men started on their way to map out the land, Joshua instructed them, “Go and make a survey of the land and write a description of it. Then return to me, and I will cast lots for you here at Shiloh in the presence of the Lord.” So the men left and went through the land. They wrote its description on a scroll, town by town, in seven parts, and returned to Joshua in the camp at Shiloh. 10 Joshua then cast lots for them in Shiloh in the presence of the Lord, and there he distributed the land to the Israelites according to their tribal divisions.
Allotment for Benjamin
11 The first lot came up for the tribe of Benjamin according to its clans. Their allotted territory lay between the tribes of Judah and Joseph:
12 On the north side their boundary began at the Jordan, passed the northern slope of Jericho and headed west into the hill country, coming out at the wilderness of Beth Aven. 13 From there it crossed to the south slope of Luz (that is, Bethel) and went down to Ataroth Addar on the hill south of Lower Beth Horon.
14 From the hill facing Beth Horon on the south the boundary turned south along the western side and came out at Kiriath Baal (that is, Kiriath Jearim), a town of the people of Judah. This was the western side.
15 The southern side began at the outskirts of Kiriath Jearim on the west, and the boundary came out at the spring of the waters of Nephtoah. 16 The boundary went down to the foot of the hill facing the Valley of Ben Hinnom, north of the Valley of Rephaim. It continued down the Hinnom Valley along the southern slope of the Jebusite city and so to En Rogel. 17 It then curved north, went to En Shemesh, continued to Geliloth, which faces the Pass of Adummim, and ran down to the Stone of Bohan son of Reuben. 18 It continued to the northern slope of Beth Arabah and on down into the Arabah. 19 It then went to the northern slope of Beth Hoglah and came out at the northern bay of the Dead Sea, at the mouth of the Jordan in the south. This was the southern boundary.
20 The Jordan formed the boundary on the eastern side.
These were the boundaries that marked out the inheritance of the clans of Benjamin on all sides.
21 The tribe of Benjamin, according to its clans, had the following towns:
Jericho, Beth Hoglah, Emek Keziz,
22 Beth Arabah, Zemaraim, Bethel, 23 Avvim, Parah, Ophrah, 24 Kephar Ammoni, Ophni and Geba—twelve towns and their villages.
25 Gibeon, Ramah, Beeroth, 26 Mizpah, Kephirah, Mozah, 27 Rekem, Irpeel, Taralah, 28 Zelah, Haeleph, the Jebusite city (that is, Jerusalem), Gibeah and Kiriath—fourteen towns and their villages.
This was the inheritance of Benjamin for its clans.

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