Spiritual Training

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November 26 - Evening

"We urge you, brothers, warn those who are idle, encourage the timid, help the weak, be patient with everyone."
- First Thessalonians 5:14

Words of Warning, Comfort and Help

All believers (“brothers”) in Thessalonica are urged to respond to three groups of troubled believers with the imperative (mood of command) verbs - “warn,” “encourage,” and “help.” The three troubled groups of believers in the Thessalonian church are listed as:
  1. “Idle” – is the word ataktous which is from a root word that Paul will use five times with the Thessalonians (1 Thes. 4:11; 5:14; 2 Thes. 3:6, 7, 11). The word has two meanings: soldiers who do not stay in step and students or workers who are lazy and do not do their work. The word has the basic meaning of “disorderly,” and “out of rank.” Based on Paul’s use of the word and its meaning it would appear Paul is referring to “warning” the Thessalonians who are not working, are not providing for themselves and who are wasting everyone else’s efforts with their meddling and gossiping. All the “brothers” are to “warn” these people who are idle and out of step with the rank and order of the rest of the church.
  2. “Timid” – the Greek word “timid” means “to have little spirit/soul” and can also be translated “fainthearted,” “worried,” “fearful,” “discouraged.”  This word, oligopsychoi, is not used again in the New Testament. In the context of Paul’s letter it would appear that those who “have little spirit” or are “fainthearted” are those who are troubled due to the persecution they are facing or are “fearful” and “discouraged” about the end time events and the timing of the “parousia” (the coming of Christ) that is explained to comfort them in 1 Thes. 4:13-5:1-11.  These believers need these words of comfort and assurance spoken to them frequently to help them maintain their hope and understanding.
  3. “Weak” – The word “weak” (asthenoi) can be used in reference to physical weakness or sickness, but the text would seem to be speaking to spiritual weakness in the face of persecution (1 Thes. 3:3-5) or of moral inability to resist the pagan culture (1 Thes. 4:3-8) and the sin nature. In this case the believers are to “help” the weak which means “to lay hold or, to hold firmly to.” Hold onto the weak by standing shoulder to shoulder with those who are weak in the face of persecution or in the habit of a pagan life. “Help” here means to “hold on to “ and “support” the weak.
Paul then tells the believers who are doing the “warning,” the “encouraging” and the “helping” of their brothers who are “idle,” “timid,” and “weak” to “be patient with everyone.” It is not easy, nor is it a quick process to make an idle person active and productive, a timid person bold and courageous and a weak person strong and self-reliant. Those who are helping them will need to be patient. One word of warning most likely will not be enough. The warning will have to be repeated by the believers in patience. One time of explanation and comfort may not relieve the timid. The weak is going to need more than just being lifted up to their feet, they will need to be held on to and supported. All of this will require the believers to be patient with everyone.
Chliaros (Gr) - Lukewarm (Eng) - chiliaros is Greek word that is translated "lukewarm," in Revelation 3:16. The word chiliaros means "tepid," "lukewarm."
Do I take time to warn, comfort or help other believers who are in need of assistance?
And, if I do, am I willing to do it more than once?
I will provide words of direction and comfort to other believers. And, I will continue to do it patiently.

Bible Reading Descriptions Here


(morning only)

Complete Text

General Text




Opportunities to share the gospel in church and in community
Military and National Defense

A clay brick from the wall of the Canaanite city of Jericho.
Timeline of Paul's early years.

Someone to Quote

"Holiness can be defined as simply doing things the way they were supposed to be done." - Galyn Wiemers

Something to Ponder

Two of the reformers from the 1500's had two different views of the sacraments of the Eucharist (the bread and the cup used in the Lord's Supper). Martin Luther and Ulrich Zwingli both rejected the doctrine of transubstantiation (the belief that the bread and the wine actually become the body and blood of Christ). But, Luther believed Christ was present in the elements and Zwingli believed the ceremony was only a commemorative service done to remember what Christ had done.

Here’s a Fact

The book of 1 Kings 2:10 says that King David "was buried in the City of David." This was the case for all the kings from David to Ahaz. Peter identifies David's tomb as still being in its location in 30 AD when he says on the day of Pentecost, "Brothers, I can tell you confidently that the patriarch David died and was buried, and his tomb is her to this day." (Acts 2:29)
The remains of these royal tombs have been excavated and several interesting features have been found. See details here and here Photo series!


"Like a coating of glaze over earthenware are fervent lips with an evil heart."
Proverbs 26:23

Coach’s Corner

One of the most important reasons for identifying your goal is to identify and avoid distractions. You must remain focused to achieve your purpose.

1 Thessalonians 4:11
New International Version (NIV)
11 and to make it your ambition to lead a quiet life: You should mind your own business and work with your hands, just as we told you,
1 Thessalonians 5:14
New International Version (NIV)
14 And we urge you, brothers and sisters, warn those who are idle and disruptive, encourage the disheartened, help the weak, be patient with everyone.
2 Thessalonians 3:6
New International Version (NIV)
Warning Against Idleness
In the name of the Lord Jesus Christ, we command you, brothers and sisters, to keep away from every believer who is idle and disruptive and does not live according to the teaching you received from us.
2 Thessalonians 3:7
New International Version (NIV)
For you yourselves know how you ought to follow our example. We were not idle when we were with you,
2 Thessalonians 3:11
New International Version (NIV)
11 We hear that some among you are idle and disruptive. They are not busy; they are busybodies.
1 Thessalonians 4:13-5:11
New International Version (NIV)
Believers Who Have Died
13 Brothers and sisters, we do not want you to be uninformed about those who sleep in death, so that you do not grieve like the rest of mankind, who have no hope. 14 For we believe that Jesus died and rose again, and so we believe that God will bring with Jesus those who have fallen asleep in him. 15 According to the Lord’s word, we tell you that we who are still alive, who are left until the coming of the Lord, will certainly not precede those who have fallen asleep. 16 For the Lord himself will come down from heaven, with a loud command, with the voice of the archangel and with the trumpet call of God, and the dead in Christ will rise first. 17 After that, we who are still alive and are left will be caught up together with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air. And so we will be with the Lord forever. 18 Therefore encourage one another with these words.
The Day of the Lord
Now, brothers and sisters, about times and dates we do not need to write to you, for you know very well that the day of the Lord will come like a thief in the night. While people are saying, “Peace and safety,” destruction will come on them suddenly, as labor pains on a pregnant woman, and they will not escape.
But you, brothers and sisters, are not in darkness so that this day should surprise you like a thief. You are all children of the light and children of the day. We do not belong to the night or to the darkness. So then, let us not be like others, who are asleep, but let us be awake and sober. For those who sleep, sleep at night, and those who get drunk, get drunk at night. But since we belong to the day, let us be sober, putting on faith and love as a breastplate, and the hope of salvation as a helmet. For God did not appoint us to suffer wrath but to receive salvation through our Lord Jesus Christ. 10 He died for us so that, whether we are awake or asleep, we may live together with him. 11 Therefore encourage one another and build each other up, just as in fact you are doing.
1 Thessalonians 3:3-5
New International Version (NIV)
so that no one would be unsettled by these trials. For you know quite well that we are destined for them. In fact, when we were with you, we kept telling you that we would be persecuted. And it turned out that way, as you well know. For this reason, when I could stand it no longer, I sent to find out about your faith. I was afraid that in some way the tempter had tempted you and that our labors might have been in vain.
1 Thessalonians 4:3-8
New International Version (NIV)
It is God’s will that you should be sanctified: that you should avoid sexual immorality; that each of you should learn to control your own body in a way that is holy and honorable, not in passionate lust like the pagans, who do not know God; and that in this matter no one should wrong or take advantage of a brother or sister. The Lord will punish all those who commit such sins, as we told you and warned you before. For God did not call us to be impure, but to live a holy life. Therefore, anyone who rejects this instruction does not reject a human being but God, the very God who gives you his Holy Spirit.
Revelation 3:16
New International Version (NIV)
16 So, because you are lukewarm—neither hot nor cold—I am about to spit you out of my mouth.
Philippians 3
New International Version (NIV)
No Confidence in the Flesh
Further, my brothers and sisters, rejoice in the Lord! It is no trouble for me to write the same things to you again, and it is a safeguard for you. Watch out for those dogs, those evildoers, those mutilators of the flesh. For it is we who are the circumcision, we who serve God by his Spirit, who boast in Christ Jesus, and who put no confidence in the flesh— though I myself have reasons for such confidence.
If someone else thinks they have reasons to put confidence in the flesh, I have more:
circumcised on the eighth day, of the people of Israel, of the tribe of Benjamin, a Hebrew of Hebrews; in regard to the law, a Pharisee; as for zeal, persecuting the church; as for righteousness based on the law, faultless.
But whatever were gains to me I now consider loss for the sake of Christ. What is more, I consider everything a loss because of the surpassing worth of knowing Christ Jesus my Lord, for whose sake I have lost all things. I consider them garbage, that I may gain Christ and be found in him, not having a righteousness of my own that comes from the law, but that which is through faith in Christ—the righteousness that comes from God on the basis of faith. 10 I want to know Christ—yes, to know the power of his resurrection and participation in his sufferings, becoming like him in his death, 11 and so, somehow, attaining to the resurrection from the dead.
12 Not that I have already obtained all this, or have already arrived at my goal, but I press on to take hold of that for which Christ Jesus took hold of me. 13 Brothers and sisters, I do not consider myself yet to have taken hold of it. But one thing I do: Forgetting what is behind and straining toward what is ahead, 14 I press on toward the goal to win the prize for which God has called me heavenward in Christ Jesus.
Following Paul’s Example
15 All of us, then, who are mature should take such a view of things. And if on some point you think differently, that too God will make clear to you. 16 Only let us live up to what we have already attained.
17 Join together in following my example, brothers and sisters, and just as you have us as a model, keep your eyes on those who live as we do. 18 For, as I have often told you before and now tell you again even with tears, many live as enemies of the cross of Christ. 19 Their destiny is destruction, their god is their stomach, and their glory is in their shame. Their mind is set on earthly things. 20 But our citizenship is in heaven. And we eagerly await a Savior from there, the Lord Jesus Christ, 21 who, by the power that enables him to bring everything under his control, will transform our lowly bodies so that they will be like his glorious body.
Acts 18:1-18
New International Version (NIV)
In Corinth
18 After this, Paul left Athens and went to Corinth. There he met a Jew named Aquila, a native of Pontus, who had recently come from Italy with his wife Priscilla, because Claudius had ordered all Jews to leave Rome. Paul went to see them, and because he was a tentmaker as they were, he stayed and worked with them. Every Sabbath he reasoned in the synagogue, trying to persuade Jews and Greeks.
When Silas and Timothy came from Macedonia, Paul devoted himself exclusively to preaching, testifying to the Jews that Jesus was the Messiah. But when they opposed Paul and became abusive, he shook out his clothes in protest and said to them, “Your blood be on your own heads! I am innocent of it. From now on I will go to the Gentiles.”
Then Paul left the synagogue and went next door to the house of Titius Justus, a worshiper of God. Crispus, the synagogue leader, and his entire household believed in the Lord; and many of the Corinthians who heard Paul believed and were baptized.
One night the Lord spoke to Paul in a vision: “Do not be afraid; keep on speaking, do not be silent. 10 For I am with you, and no one is going to attack and harm you, because I have many people in this city.” 11 So Paul stayed in Corinth for a year and a half, teaching them the word of God.
12 While Gallio was proconsul of Achaia, the Jews of Corinth made a united attack on Paul and brought him to the place of judgment. 13 “This man,” they charged, “is persuading the people to worship God in ways contrary to the law.”
14 Just as Paul was about to speak, Gallio said to them, “If you Jews were making a complaint about some misdemeanor or serious crime, it would be reasonable for me to listen to you. 15 But since it involves questions about words and names and your own law—settle the matter yourselves. I will not be a judge of such things.” 16 So he drove them off. 17 Then the crowd there turned on Sosthenes the synagogue leader and beat him in front of the proconsul; and Gallio showed no concern whatever.
Priscilla, Aquila and Apollos
18 Paul stayed on in Corinth for some time. Then he left the brothers and sisters and sailed for Syria, accompanied by Priscilla and Aquila. Before he sailed, he had his hair cut off at Cenchreae because of a vow he had taken.

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