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January 23 - Evening

"God also said to Moses,“I am the Lord. I appeared to Abraham, to Isaac and to Jacob as God Almighty, but by my name the Lord I did not make myself fully known to them. I also established my covenant with them to give them the land of Canaan, where they resided as foreigners. Moreover, I have heard the groaning of the Israelites, whom the Egyptians are enslaving, and I have remembered my covenant. Therefore, say to the Israelites: ‘I am the Lord, and I will bring you out from under the yoke of the Egyptians. I will free you from being slaves to them, and I will redeem you with an outstretched arm and with mighty acts of judgment.’ ”  - Exodus 6:2-6

I Am the Lord (or, 'ani Yahweh)

Four times in the Lord’s answer to Moses he states his name. In fact, the Lord’s answer begins and ends with his name “I am the Lord”, or  “ ‘ ani Yahweh” in Hebrew.
The four appearances of the Lord's mention of his name includes these details:
1. He was the one who appeared to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob
  1. They only knew him as God Almighty, or El-Shaddai in Hebrew. The point is that this is the same God, but that he is going to reveal more of his nature and more of his plan, so Israel needs to get ready, it is revelation time!
  2. Abraham, Isaac and Jacob knew the Lord as El-Shaddai which means “all sufficient One.” This meant they knew that the Lord provided for them and sustained them as a people. Now, in addition to that, God was going to reveal himself as the redeemer, the one who had a plan, and the one with the power to get it done. The Lord would be the one who delivered the Hebrews, kept the promise of the Covenant to Abraham and revealed his will for their behavior and their future.
  3. This is the God of the Covenant who promised them the land of Canaan. It is time to fulfill that promise. The point here is that Israel needs to get ready to move and take action.
  4. They are groaning under the oppression of the Egyptians and the Lord has “remembered” his covenant with Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. The point is the Hebrew’s deliverer is ready to take action. The word “remembered" does not mean that God had forgotten, but now has recalled. It means that the time has arrived for God to do what he promised.

2.God tells Moses to introduce him to the Israelites as “the Lord” (or, ‘ ani Yahweh ) and tell them what "the Lord" is going to do before he does it. The Lord is going to:
  1. Bring the Hebrews out from under Egyptian bondage
  2. Free the Hebrews from being slaves
  3. The Lord uses the term “redeem”, which means “buy back” or “regain possession.” The Lord would “redeem” the Hebrews with: 1. “an outstretched arm”  which refers to a clear historical manifestation of the Lord’s involvement in history where there is no room to use terms like “coincidence” and phrases like “natural random process."  2. “mighty acts of judgment,” which is always the result when the Lord, God Almighty, intervenes in history…someone gets judged and punished. This is why Israel will be asked by Amos later around 750 BC, "Why do you long for the day of the Lord?" (Amos 5:18)
  4. “I will take you as my own people.”
  5. “I will be your God.”

3. After these things, Israel “will know”
  1. What?...what the Lord has done
  2. Who?...that it was the Lord who did it.
  3. With this knowledge (Who and What) Israel will be taken to the land promised to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. Israel will enter the land with full knowledge and full historical evidence that this was God’s direct involvement in history. There would be no room for assigning Israel’s arrival to the Promised Land as the work of some man, or a natural development in the political arena of the nations, or random historical events.

4. The Lord then signs his name to this message
Notice that in the promise of the New Covenant in Jeremiah 31:31-34 follows a similar pattern.
Entrepo (Gr) – Reverence (Eng) – Entrepo is Greek word that means “to shame one,” “to be ashamed,” “to reverence a person,” and, also, “to turn about.” Entrepo is used 9 times in the Greek New Testament. Entrepo is translated “put to shame” in 1 Corinthians 4:14, Titus 2:8, and 2 Thessalonians 3:14. It is translated “respect” 6x including Hebrews 12:9 and Luke 18:2-4; 20:13.
Do I know more about the Lord because of what he has done in my life?
Has experience in the world taught me "who" the Lord is and "what" the Lord can do?
I will study about God, but I will also perceive his presence and direction in my world.

Bible Reading Descriptions Here


(morning only)

Complete Text

General Text


To be a good friend


Understanding of Grace
Congressional leaders
University students faith, finances, future

Caesarea by the Sea near Herod's palace and where Paul stood trial before Gov. Felix, Gov. Festus and Herod Agrippa II in Acts.
Details of the south east end of the Temple Mount retaining wall. The portion to the portion labeled "OLD TESTAMENT" was the location of Solomon's original wall. Where the "Wall Bends" is where the Hasmonean's (Maccabees) added on. Herod, beginning in 19 BC joined his extension of the wall at the "Straight Joint."

Someone to Quote

"Holiness is not the way to Christ. Christ is the way to holiness."
- Adrian Rogers

Something to Ponder

The 1959 movie Ben-Hur was based on a novel written in 1880 by a retired Civil War general named Lew Wallace. Wallace tried to prove Christianity false, but the more he studied scripture and history, the more he believed Christianity was true.

Here’s a Fact

The royal residence of Saul at Gibeah (1 Sm. 11:4) was only 115 x 170 feet. It was not very elaborate, and was more like a fort than a palace. The artifacts excavated here were nothing more than things used by commoners in any other residence. King Hussein of Jordan began to build a summer palace in the 1960's on the very site (Tell El-Ful) of Saul's archaeological remains and destroyed the site before archaeological excavation could be completed. The Six-Day War interupted and ended the Jordanian's king bulding project. (more details here and here.)


"Do not wear yourself out to get rich; do not trust your own cleverness." - Proverbs 23:4

Coach’s Corner

Class is in session whenever people are observing you.

1 Samuel 11:4
New International Version (NIV)
When the messengers came to Gibeah of Saul and reported these terms to the people, they all wept aloud.
Amos 5:18
New International Version (NIV)
The Day of the Lord
Woe to you who long     for the day of the Lord! Why do you long for the day of the Lord?     That day will be darkness, not light.
Jeremiah 31:31-34
New International Version (NIV)
“The days are coming,” declares the Lord,     “when I will make a new covenant with the people of Israel     and with the people of Judah.
It will not be like the covenant     I made with their ancestors when I took them by the hand     to lead them out of Egypt, because they broke my covenant,     though I was a husband to them,” declares the Lord.
“This is the covenant I will make with the people of Israel     after that time,” declares the Lord. “I will put my law in their minds     and write it on their hearts. I will be their God,     and they will be my people.
No longer will they teach their neighbor,     or say to one another, ‘Know the Lord,’ because they will all know me,     from the least of them to the greatest,” declares the Lord. “For I will forgive their wickedness     and will remember their sins no more.”
Luke 20:13
New International Version (NIV)
13 “Then the owner of the vineyard said, ‘What shall I do? I will send my son, whom I love; perhaps they will respect him.’
Luke 18:2-4
New International Version (NIV)
He said: “In a certain town there was a judge who neither feared God nor cared what people thought. And there was a widow in that town who kept coming to him with the plea, ‘Grant me justice against my adversary.’
“For some time he refused. But finally he said to himself, ‘Even though I don’t fear God or care what people think,
Hebrews 12:9
New International Version (NIV)
Moreover, we have all had human fathers who disciplined us and we respected them for it. How much more should we submit to the Father of spirits and live!
2 Thessalonians 3:14
New International Version (NIV)
14 Take special note of anyone who does not obey our instruction in this letter. Do not associate with them, in order that they may feel ashamed.
Titus 2:8
New International Version (NIV)
and soundness of speech that cannot be condemned, so that those who oppose you may be ashamed because they have nothing bad to say about us.
1 Corinthians 4:14
New International Version (NIV)
Paul’s Appeal and Warning
14 I am writing this not to shame you but to warn you as my dear children.
Genesis 27
New International Version (NIV)
27 When Isaac was old and his eyes were so weak that he could no longer see, he called for Esau his older son and said to him, “My son.”
“Here I am,” he answered.
Isaac said, “I am now an old man and don’t know the day of my death. Now then, get your equipment—your quiver and bow—and go out to the open country to hunt some wild game for me. Prepare me the kind of tasty food I like and bring it to me to eat, so that I may give you my blessing before I die.”
Now Rebekah was listening as Isaac spoke to his son Esau. When Esau left for the open country to hunt game and bring it back, Rebekah said to her son Jacob, “Look, I overheard your father say to your brother Esau, ‘Bring me some game and prepare me some tasty food to eat, so that I may give you my blessing in the presence of the Lord before I die.’ Now, my son, listen carefully and do what I tell you: Go out to the flock and bring me two choice young goats, so I can prepare some tasty food for your father, just the way he likes it. 10 Then take it to your father to eat, so that he may give you his blessing before he dies.”
11 Jacob said to Rebekah his mother, “But my brother Esau is a hairy man while I have smooth skin. 12 What if my father touches me? I would appear to be tricking him and would bring down a curse on myself rather than a blessing.”
13 His mother said to him, “My son, let the curse fall on me. Just do what I say; go and get them for me.”
14 So he went and got them and brought them to his mother, and she prepared some tasty food, just the way his father liked it. 15 Then Rebekah took the best clothes of Esau her older son, which she had in the house, and put them on her younger son Jacob. 16 She also covered his hands and the smooth part of his neck with the goatskins. 17 Then she handed to her son Jacob the tasty food and the bread she had made.
18 He went to his father and said, “My father.”
“Yes, my son,” he answered. “Who is it?”
19 Jacob said to his father, “I am Esau your firstborn. I have done as you told me. Please sit up and eat some of my game, so that you may give me your blessing.”
20 Isaac asked his son, “How did you find it so quickly, my son?”
“The Lord your God gave me success,” he replied.
21 Then Isaac said to Jacob, “Come near so I can touch you, my son, to know whether you really are my son Esau or not.”
22 Jacob went close to his father Isaac, who touched him and said, “The voice is the voice of Jacob, but the hands are the hands of Esau.” 23 He did not recognize him, for his hands were hairy like those of his brother Esau; so he proceeded to bless him. 24 “Are you really my son Esau?” he asked.
“I am,” he replied.
25 Then he said, “My son, bring me some of your game to eat, so that I may give you my blessing.”
Jacob brought it to him and he ate; and he brought some wine and he drank.
26 Then his father Isaac said to him, “Come here, my son, and kiss me.”
27 So he went to him and kissed him. When Isaac caught the smell of his clothes, he blessed him and said,
“Ah, the smell of my son     is like the smell of a field     that the Lord has blessed.
May God give you heaven’s dew     and earth’s richness—     an abundance of grain and new wine.
May nations serve you     and peoples bow down to you. Be lord over your brothers,     and may the sons of your mother bow down to you. May those who curse you be cursed     and those who bless you be blessed.”
30 After Isaac finished blessing him, and Jacob had scarcely left his father’s presence, his brother Esau came in from hunting. 31 He too prepared some tasty food and brought it to his father. Then he said to him, “My father, please sit up and eat some of my game, so that you may give me your blessing.”
32 His father Isaac asked him, “Who are you?”
“I am your son,” he answered, “your firstborn, Esau.”
33 Isaac trembled violently and said, “Who was it, then, that hunted game and brought it to me? I ate it just before you came and I blessed him—and indeed he will be blessed!”
34 When Esau heard his father’s words, he burst out with a loud and bitter cry and said to his father, “Bless me—me too, my father!”
35 But he said, “Your brother came deceitfully and took your blessing.”
36 Esau said, “Isn’t he rightly named Jacob[a]? This is the second time he has taken advantage of me: He took my birthright, and now he’s taken my blessing!” Then he asked, “Haven’t you reserved any blessing for me?”
37 Isaac answered Esau, “I have made him lord over you and have made all his relatives his servants, and I have sustained him with grain and new wine. So what can I possibly do for you, my son?”
38 Esau said to his father, “Do you have only one blessing, my father? Bless me too, my father!” Then Esau wept aloud.
39 His father Isaac answered him,
“Your dwelling will be     away from the earth’s richness,     away from the dew of heaven above.
You will live by the sword     and you will serve your brother. But when you grow restless,     you will throw his yoke     from off your neck.”
41 Esau held a grudge against Jacob because of the blessing his father had given him. He said to himself, “The days of mourning for my father are near; then I will kill my brother Jacob.”
42 When Rebekah was told what her older son Esau had said, she sent for her younger son Jacob and said to him, “Your brother Esau is planning to avenge himself by killing you. 43 Now then, my son, do what I say: Flee at once to my brother Laban in Harran. 44 Stay with him for a while until your brother’s fury subsides. 45 When your brother is no longer angry with you and forgets what you did to him, I’ll send word for you to come back from there. Why should I lose both of you in one day?”
46 Then Rebekah said to Isaac, “I’m disgusted with living because of these Hittite women. If Jacob takes a wife from among the women of this land, from Hittite women like these, my life will not be worth living.”
  1. Genesis 27:36 Jacob means he grasps the heel, a Hebrew idiom for he takes advantage of or he deceives.
Genesis 34
New International Version (NIV)
Dinah and the Shechemites
34 Now Dinah, the daughter Leah had borne to Jacob, went out to visit the women of the land. When Shechem son of Hamor the Hivite, the ruler of that area, saw her, he took her and raped her. His heart was drawn to Dinah daughter of Jacob; he loved the young woman and spoke tenderly to her. And Shechem said to his father Hamor, “Get me this girl as my wife.”
When Jacob heard that his daughter Dinah had been defiled, his sons were in the fields with his livestock; so he did nothing about it until they came home.
Then Shechem’s father Hamor went out to talk with Jacob. Meanwhile, Jacob’s sons had come in from the fields as soon as they heard what had happened. They were shocked and furious, because Shechem had done an outrageous thing in[a] Israel by sleeping with Jacob’s daughter—a thing that should not be done.
But Hamor said to them, “My son Shechem has his heart set on your daughter. Please give her to him as his wife. Intermarry with us; give us your daughters and take our daughters for yourselves. 10 You can settle among us; the land is open to you. Live in it, trade[b] in it, and acquire property in it.”
11 Then Shechem said to Dinah’s father and brothers, “Let me find favor in your eyes, and I will give you whatever you ask. 12 Make the price for the bride and the gift I am to bring as great as you like, and I’ll pay whatever you ask me. Only give me the young woman as my wife.”
13 Because their sister Dinah had been defiled, Jacob’s sons replied deceitfully as they spoke to Shechem and his father Hamor. 14 They said to them, “We can’t do such a thing; we can’t give our sister to a man who is not circumcised. That would be a disgrace to us. 15 We will enter into an agreement with you on one condition only: that you become like us by circumcising all your males. 16 Then we will give you our daughters and take your daughters for ourselves. We’ll settle among you and become one people with you. 17 But if you will not agree to be circumcised, we’ll take our sister and go.”
18 Their proposal seemed good to Hamor and his son Shechem. 19 The young man, who was the most honored of all his father’s family, lost no time in doing what they said, because he was delighted with Jacob’s daughter. 20 So Hamor and his son Shechem went to the gate of their city to speak to the men of their city. 21 “These men are friendly toward us,” they said. “Let them live in our land and trade in it; the land has plenty of room for them. We can marry their daughters and they can marry ours. 22 But the men will agree to live with us as one people only on the condition that our males be circumcised, as they themselves are. 23 Won’t their livestock, their property and all their other animals become ours? So let us agree to their terms, and they will settle among us.”
24 All the men who went out of the city gate agreed with Hamor and his son Shechem, and every male in the city was circumcised.
25 Three days later, while all of them were still in pain, two of Jacob’s sons, Simeon and Levi, Dinah’s brothers, took their swords and attacked the unsuspecting city, killing every male. 26 They put Hamor and his son Shechem to the sword and took Dinah from Shechem’s house and left. 27 The sons of Jacob came upon the dead bodies and looted the city where[c] their sister had been defiled. 28 They seized their flocks and herds and donkeys and everything else of theirs in the city and out in the fields. 29 They carried off all their wealth and all their women and children, taking as plunder everything in the houses.
30 Then Jacob said to Simeon and Levi, “You have brought trouble on me by making me obnoxious to the Canaanites and Perizzites, the people living in this land. We are few in number, and if they join forces against me and attack me, I and my household will be destroyed.”
31 But they replied, “Should he have treated our sister like a prostitute?”
  1. Genesis 34:7 Or against
  2. Genesis 34:10 Or move about freely; also in verse 21
  3. Genesis 34:27 Or because

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