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January 25 - Evening

" Then Moses and Aaron were brought back to Pharaoh. “Go, worship the Lord your God,” he said. “But tell me who will be going.”
Moses answered, “We will go with our young and our old, with our sons and our daughters, and with our flocks and herds, because we are to celebrate a festival to the Lord.”
Pharaoh said, “The Lord be with you—if I let you go, along with your women and children! Clearly you are bent on evil."

- Exodus 10:8-10

Pharaoh's Position Weakens as Moses' Strengthens His Demands

After the death of the Egyptian’s livestock, the plague of boils and the destruction of their crops by hail Moses approached Pharaoh again. This time Moses came to warn of a coming plague of locusts, the eighth plague that would devour what is left of the flattened crops and more. Pharaoh’s court officials pleaded with Pharaoh and admit that Egypt is already ruined. Moses is called in for negotiations. Pharaoh opens the negotiations by granting Moses permission to go into the desert with the Hebrew slaves to worship their God Yahweh, the one who has destroyed Egypt.
Since, Pharaoh fears that Moses is planning on leaving and never returning, he asks Moses, “Who will be going?” Moses’ answer gives the impression that since all the families will be gone with all their livestock there may be no reason to return to Egypt once they leave. Pharaoh does not trust Moses’ motive and rejects Moses offer. Pharaoh counters by saying, “No! Have only the men go and worship the Lord.” The Greek historian Herodotus records that in Egyptian culture women worshipped along with the men in religious festivals.
Moses and Aaron are “driven” or “expelled” from Pharaoh’s presence. The Hebrew word translated “driven” or “expelled” is garas which means “banished.”
Even though it is in his own best interest to cooperate with Moses and Yahweh, Pharaoh cannot allow himself to work with Moses. Even as Pharaoh’s court officials advise him to spare the land of Egypt, Pharaoh is unable to concede anything to Moses. And, Moses continues to toy with Pharaoh’s emotions and his pride. Instead of accepting a half-hearted compromise that would weaken Yahweh’s demands, Moses speaks from what has become a position of strength. Moses rejects Pharaoh’s offer to allow the men to go worship, and instead demands that the entire family of each man is allowed to go along with their livestock. If Moses’ demands are not met, Pharaoh will face the locust plague.  Pharaoh’s attitude and his actions are isolating him from the support of his people and his base of power among the court officials. Pharaoh is not a god, he has merely presented the allusion deity. This allusion is disappearing like fog when it is exposed to the sun.
Timao (Gr) - Honor (Eng) - timao is Greek word that means “to fix the value,” to honor,” “to revere,” and “to fix the value.” Timao is used 21 times in the Greek New Testament including:
• John 8:49,
“ Jesus answered, "I do not have a demon; but I honor My Father, and you dishonor Me.”
• John 12:26,
“If anyone serves Me, he must follow Me; and where I am, there My servant will be also ; if anyone serves Me, the Father will honor him.”
• Ephesians 6:2,
HONOR YOUR FATHER AND MOTHER (which is the  first commandment with a promise).”
• 1 Peter 2:17,
Honor all people, love the brotherhood, fear God, honor the king."
Do I cooperate with others? Or, am I too concerned with having things my way?
I will seek to cooperate and work with others to create harmony and achieve God's best.

Bible Reading Descriptions Here


(morning only)

Complete Text

General Text




Desire to know Christ better
Migration into oil-rich countries

A view from the Mount of Olives of the city of Jerusalem and the Dome of the Rock setting where the Jewish Temple once stood.
Details and map of Paul's trip to Roman prison from Caesarea in 59 AD.

Someone to Quote

"Envy and greed starve on a steady diet of thanksgiving."
- Billy Graham

Something to Ponder

From May 2011:
More than 9 in 10 Americans still say 'yes' when asked the basic question 'Do you believe in God?'; this is down only slightly from the 1940s, when Gallup first asked this question. (Details)

Here’s a Fact

Proto-Aeolic capitals (the decorative stone piece that was placed at the top of a column or a pilaster) were used by the Phoenicians in public buildings and palaces, including their work on the governmental buildings and the royal palaces of David and Solomon (2 Samuel 5:11). These capitals were cut from a single large rectangular stone slab and decorated on one or both sides with:
• a triangle in the middle
• a spiral, scrolling ornamentation coming to the left and the right of the centered triangle
One of these proto-aeolic capitals was found in the Kidron Valley just below where David’s Palace would have stood. (See image here and here) (details here and here) The proto-aeolic capitals from this same time period have also been found at other royal centers of Judah’s kingdom: Megido, Samaria, Hazor.


"As the heavens are high and the earth is deep, so the hearts of kings are unsearchable."
- Proverbs 25:3

Coach’s Corner

Your success produces admiration from some and envy from others. So, if you can, share your success to help reduce the detractors.

2 Samuel 5:11
New International Version (NIV)
11 Now Hiram king of Tyre sent envoys to David, along with cedar logs and carpenters and stonemasons, and they built a palace for David.
Genesis 31
New International Version (NIV)
Jacob Flees From Laban
31 Jacob heard that Laban’s sons were saying, “Jacob has taken everything our father owned and has gained all this wealth from what belonged to our father.” And Jacob noticed that Laban’s attitude toward him was not what it had been.
Then the Lord said to Jacob, “Go back to the land of your fathers and to your relatives, and I will be with you.”
So Jacob sent word to Rachel and Leah to come out to the fields where his flocks were. He said to them, “I see that your father’s attitude toward me is not what it was before, but the God of my father has been with me. You know that I’ve worked for your father with all my strength, yet your father has cheated me by changing my wages ten times. However, God has not allowed him to harm me. If he said, ‘The speckled ones will be your wages,’ then all the flocks gave birth to speckled young; and if he said, ‘The streaked ones will be your wages,’ then all the flocks bore streaked young. So God has taken away your father’s livestock and has given them to me.
10 “In breeding season I once had a dream in which I looked up and saw that the male goats mating with the flock were streaked, speckled or spotted. 11 The angel of God said to me in the dream, ‘Jacob.’ I answered, ‘Here I am.’ 12 And he said, ‘Look up and see that all the male goats mating with the flock are streaked, speckled or spotted, for I have seen all that Laban has been doing to you. 13 I am the God of Bethel, where you anointed a pillar and where you made a vow to me. Now leave this land at once and go back to your native land.’”
14 Then Rachel and Leah replied, “Do we still have any share in the inheritance of our father’s estate? 15 Does he not regard us as foreigners? Not only has he sold us, but he has used up what was paid for us. 16 Surely all the wealth that God took away from our father belongs to us and our children. So do whatever God has told you.”
17 Then Jacob put his children and his wives on camels, 18 and he drove all his livestock ahead of him, along with all the goods he had accumulated in Paddan Aram, to go to his father Isaac in the land of Canaan.
19 When Laban had gone to shear his sheep, Rachel stole her father’s household gods. 20 Moreover, Jacob deceived Laban the Aramean by not telling him he was running away. 21 So he fled with all he had, crossed the Euphrates River, and headed for the hill country of Gilead.
Laban Pursues Jacob
22 On the third day Laban was told that Jacob had fled. 23 Taking his relatives with him, he pursued Jacob for seven days and caught up with him in the hill country of Gilead. 24 Then God came to Laban the Aramean in a dream at night and said to him, “Be careful not to say anything to Jacob, either good or bad.”
25 Jacob had pitched his tent in the hill country of Gilead when Laban overtook him, and Laban and his relatives camped there too. 26 Then Laban said to Jacob, “What have you done? You’ve deceived me, and you’ve carried off my daughters like captives in war. 27 Why did you run off secretly and deceive me? Why didn’t you tell me, so I could send you away with joy and singing to the music of timbrels and harps? 28 You didn’t even let me kiss my grandchildren and my daughters goodbye. You have done a foolish thing. 29 I have the power to harm you; but last night the God of your father said to me, ‘Be careful not to say anything to Jacob, either good or bad.’ 30 Now you have gone off because you longed to return to your father’s household. But why did you steal my gods?”
31 Jacob answered Laban, “I was afraid, because I thought you would take your daughters away from me by force. 32 But if you find anyone who has your gods, that person shall not live. In the presence of our relatives, see for yourself whether there is anything of yours here with me; and if so, take it.” Now Jacob did not know that Rachel had stolen the gods.
33 So Laban went into Jacob’s tent and into Leah’s tent and into the tent of the two female servants, but he found nothing. After he came out of Leah’s tent, he entered Rachel’s tent. 34 Now Rachel had taken the household gods and put them inside her camel’s saddle and was sitting on them. Laban searched through everything in the tent but found nothing.
35 Rachel said to her father, “Don’t be angry, my lord, that I cannot stand up in your presence; I’m having my period.” So he searched but could not find the household gods.
36 Jacob was angry and took Laban to task. “What is my crime?” he asked Laban. “How have I wronged you that you hunt me down? 37 Now that you have searched through all my goods, what have you found that belongs to your household? Put it here in front of your relatives and mine, and let them judge between the two of us.
38 “I have been with you for twenty years now. Your sheep and goats have not miscarried, nor have I eaten rams from your flocks. 39 I did not bring you animals torn by wild beasts; I bore the loss myself. And you demanded payment from me for whatever was stolen by day or night. 40 This was my situation: The heat consumed me in the daytime and the cold at night, and sleep fled from my eyes. 41 It was like this for the twenty years I was in your household. I worked for you fourteen years for your two daughters and six years for your flocks, and you changed my wages ten times. 42 If the God of my father, the God of Abraham and the Fear of Isaac, had not been with me, you would surely have sent me away empty-handed. But God has seen my hardship and the toil of my hands, and last night he rebuked you.”
43 Laban answered Jacob, “The women are my daughters, the children are my children, and the flocks are my flocks. All you see is mine. Yet what can I do today about these daughters of mine, or about the children they have borne? 44 Come now, let’s make a covenant, you and I, and let it serve as a witness between us.”
45 So Jacob took a stone and set it up as a pillar. 46 He said to his relatives, “Gather some stones.” So they took stones and piled them in a heap, and they ate there by the heap. 47 Laban called it Jegar Sahadutha, and Jacob called it Galeed.
48 Laban said, “This heap is a witness between you and me today.” That is why it was called Galeed. 49 It was also called Mizpah, because he said, “May the Lord keep watch between you and me when we are away from each other. 50 If you mistreat my daughters or if you take any wives besides my daughters, even though no one is with us, remember that God is a witness between you and me.”
51 Laban also said to Jacob, “Here is this heap, and here is this pillar I have set up between you and me. 52 This heap is a witness, and this pillar is a witness, that I will not go past this heap to your side to harm you and that you will not go past this heap and pillar to my side to harm me. 53 May the God of Abraham and the God of Nahor, the God of their father, judge between us.”
So Jacob took an oath in the name of the Fear of his father Isaac.
54 He offered a sacrifice there in the hill country and invited his relatives to a meal. After they had eaten, they spent the night there.
55 Early the next morning Laban kissed his grandchildren and his daughters and blessed them. Then he left and returned home.
Genesis 40
New International Version (NIV)
The Cupbearer and the Baker
40 Some time later, the cupbearer and the baker of the king of Egypt offended their master, the king of Egypt. Pharaoh was angry with his two officials, the chief cupbearer and the chief baker, and put them in custody in the house of the captain of the guard, in the same prison where Joseph was confined. The captain of the guard assigned them to Joseph, and he attended them.
After they had been in custody for some time,
each of the two men—the cupbearer and the baker of the king of Egypt, who were being held in prison—had a dream the same night, and each dream had a meaning of its own.
When Joseph came to them the next morning, he saw that they were dejected. So he asked Pharaoh’s officials who were in custody with him in his master’s house, “Why do you look so sad today?”
“We both had dreams,” they answered, “but there is no one to interpret them.”
Then Joseph said to them, “Do not interpretations belong to God? Tell me your dreams.”
So the chief cupbearer told Joseph his dream. He said to him, “In my dream I saw a vine in front of me, 10 and on the vine were three branches. As soon as it budded, it blossomed, and its clusters ripened into grapes. 11 Pharaoh’s cup was in my hand, and I took the grapes, squeezed them into Pharaoh’s cup and put the cup in his hand.”
12 “This is what it means,” Joseph said to him. “The three branches are three days. 13 Within three days Pharaoh will lift up your head and restore you to your position, and you will put Pharaoh’s cup in his hand, just as you used to do when you were his cupbearer. 14 But when all goes well with you, remember me and show me kindness; mention me to Pharaoh and get me out of this prison. 15 I was forcibly carried off from the land of the Hebrews, and even here I have done nothing to deserve being put in a dungeon.”
16 When the chief baker saw that Joseph had given a favorable interpretation, he said to Joseph, “I too had a dream: On my head were three baskets of bread. 17 In the top basket were all kinds of baked goods for Pharaoh, but the birds were eating them out of the basket on my head.”
18 “This is what it means,” Joseph said. “The three baskets are three days. 19 Within three days Pharaoh will lift off your head and impale your body on a pole. And the birds will eat away your flesh.”
20 Now the third day was Pharaoh’s birthday, and he gave a feast for all his officials. He lifted up the heads of the chief cupbearer and the chief baker in the presence of his officials: 21 He restored the chief cupbearer to his position, so that he once again put the cup into Pharaoh’s hand— 22 but he impaled the chief baker, just as Joseph had said to them in his interpretation.
23 The chief cupbearer, however, did not remember Joseph; he forgot him.

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