Spiritual Training

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February 1 - Evening

“If a thief is caught breaking in and is struck so that he dies, the defender is not guilty of bloodshed; but if it happens after sunrise, he is guilty of bloodshed. A thief must certainly make restitution, but if he has nothing, he must be sold to pay for his theft." - Exodus 22:2-3

A Daytime Thief vs. a Nighttime Thief

The term “breaking in” or “forced entry” originates from the Hebrew word khathar which means “to dig.” Today a thief breaks through a door or window for a “forced entry.” In the ancient world walls could be dug through to force entry into a residence.
According to the law the Lord established for Israel the property owner has the right to self-protection and to defend his property. If a thief is using the cover of darkness to conceal himself, the homeowner has no alternative but to strike to kill since the cover of darkness not only conceals the thief, but also conceals a potential weapon and the intention for the intrusion.
This law includes a prohibition of unnecessary violence. If a homeowner hears an intruder in their home in the darkness, they may have to strike to kill. But, in daylight a homeowner has the ability to determine if the thief is merely there to steal possessions, or is also welding a weapon which threatens the life of the members of the household. If the thief has no weapon to cause bodily harm, then merely restraining the thief would be adequate. It would be considered unnecessary violence for a homeowner to go above and beyond the law and slay an unarmed man. In that case the homeowner has committed murder. Physically wounding the thief would be within the rights of the homeowner, but the homeowner does not have the right to slay a man while he is stealing a lawn mower from his garage.
Responsibility of the thief for his actions is focused on restitution of lost property, not merely some form of punishment such as jail time, pain, discomfort or inconvenience. If a man’s desire for another man’s property causes him to steal, then that desire to cause loss of property is turned back on the thief who will lose his property and pay double (Ex.22:7) for the loss of property and damages to the victim. If the thief could not pay the victim with property, then he would pay by selling himself and his time into slavery. (The thief was not uselessly locked up in a cell, but was sold into forced labor.) Again, a dead thief could not be used to generate restitution, but a living thief could be sold into forced labor to pay for his forced entry.
In many ways this law and its rulings by Israel judges is more advanced and socially redemptive than many of our laws today. Yet, there are critics who want to consider the Law of Moses and the Bible outdated and barbaric.
Ekklesia (Gr) – Church Eng) - ekklesia is a compound Greek word that was used in Classical Greek times to refer to an assembly of citizens from a city that gathered together for governmental or public matters. The Greek Septuagint uses ekklesia to identify the nation of Israel when they were gathered together as a group. Ekklesia is made up of ek meaning “out” and kaleo meaning “to call.” This gives ekklesia the meaning of “the called out group.” The English Bibles translate ekklesia in the New Testament with the word “church.”
Do I seek just retribution and restoration?
Or, do I live by emotions that give way to a desire for vengeance at all cost?
Individual rights and justice are balanced in the truth found in both the legal law and universal reality.
I will seek to support a balance of justice, rights and responsibility in social law.

Bible Reading Descriptions Here


(morning only)

Complete Text

General Text


Food and healthy diet


Challenging sermons
Vice President
Israel and Palestians

Underground ashlar stones from the base of the southwest corner of the Temple Mount. These are the lowest course and the bosses (or, face of the stones) were never finished smooth since they were below the New Testament street level.
A flow chart for church discipline.

Someone to Quote

"When confronted with the order and beauty of the universe and the strange coincidences of nature, it's very tempting to take the leap of faith from science into religion. I am sure many physicists want to. I only wish they would admit it." - Tony Rothman (physicist)

Something to Ponder

According to Frank Viola and George Barna in “Pagan Christianity?” - a study by Hartford Seminary in Connecticut showed that clergy and seminary graduates who had advanced educational degrees scored lower in their ability to deal with conflict and in their ability to provide a “clear sense of purpose” than nonseminary graduates. The same survey showed that men in ministry who had no ministerial education or formal certificate program training scored highest on tests that revealed how well a person will deal with conflict and stress. The Point: churches with seminary educated leadership are far more likely to: 1 - perceive less clarity of purpose 2 - face more conflict 3 - less person-to-person communication 4 - less confidence in the future 5 - feel threatened by changes in services (p. 216, in 2008)

Here’s a Fact

Archaeologist Bryant Wood gained further support for the 1405 BC date of Jericho’s destruction by Joshua and the Israelites when a radio-carbon sample from a piece of charcoal taken from the final layer of destruction was dated at 1410 BC (+ or - 40 years).


“How long will you who are simple love your simple ways? How long will mockers delight in mockery and fools hate knowledge?" - Proverbs 1:22

Coach’s Corner

Your words and actions either shine light into the lives of others or they cast a shadow of darkness.

Exodus 22:7
New International Version 1984 (NIV1984)
“If a man gives his neighbor silver or goods for safekeeping and they are stolen from the neighbor’s house, the thief, if he is caught, must pay back double.
Genesis 46
New International Version (NIV)
Jacob Goes to Egypt
46 So Israel set out with all that was his, and when he reached Beersheba, he offered sacrifices to the God of his father Isaac.
And God spoke to Israel in a vision at night and said, “Jacob! Jacob!”
“Here I am,” he replied.
“I am God, the God of your father,” he said. “Do not be afraid to go down to Egypt, for I will make you into a great nation there. I will go down to Egypt with you, and I will surely bring you back again. And Joseph’s own hand will close your eyes.”
Then Jacob left Beersheba, and Israel’s sons took their father Jacob and their children and their wives in the carts that Pharaoh had sent to transport him. So Jacob and all his offspring went to Egypt, taking with them their livestock and the possessions they had acquired in Canaan. Jacob brought with him to Egypt his sons and grandsons and his daughters and granddaughters—all his offspring.
These are the names of the sons of Israel (Jacob and his descendants) who went to Egypt:
Reuben the firstborn of Jacob.
The sons of Reuben:
Hanok, Pallu, Hezron and Karmi.
10 The sons of Simeon:
Jemuel, Jamin, Ohad, Jakin, Zohar and Shaul the son of a Canaanite woman.
11 The sons of Levi:
Gershon, Kohath and Merari.
12 The sons of Judah:
Er, Onan, Shelah, Perez and Zerah (but Er and Onan had died in the land of Canaan).
The sons of Perez:
Hezron and Hamul.
13 The sons of Issachar:
Tola, Puah, Jashub and Shimron.
14 The sons of Zebulun:
Sered, Elon and Jahleel.
15 These were the sons Leah bore to Jacob in Paddan Aram, besides his daughter Dinah. These sons and daughters of his were thirty-three in all.
16 The sons of Gad:
Zephon, Haggi, Shuni, Ezbon, Eri, Arodi and Areli.
17 The sons of Asher:
Imnah, Ishvah, Ishvi and Beriah.
Their sister was Serah.
The sons of Beriah:
Heber and Malkiel.
18 These were the children born to Jacob by Zilpah, whom Laban had given to his daughter Leah—sixteen in all.
19 The sons of Jacob’s wife Rachel:
Joseph and Benjamin. 20 In Egypt, Manasseh and Ephraim were born to Joseph by Asenath daughter of Potiphera, priest of On.
21 The sons of Benjamin:
Bela, Beker, Ashbel, Gera, Naaman, Ehi, Rosh, Muppim, Huppim and Ard.
22 These were the sons of Rachel who were born to Jacob—fourteen in all.
23 The son of Dan:
24 The sons of Naphtali:
Jahziel, Guni, Jezer and Shillem.
25 These were the sons born to Jacob by Bilhah, whom Laban had given to his daughter Rachel—seven in all.
26 All those who went to Egypt with Jacob—those who were his direct descendants, not counting his sons’ wives—numbered sixty-six persons. 27 With the two sons who had been born to Joseph in Egypt, the members of Jacob’s family, which went to Egypt, were seventy in all.
28 Now Jacob sent Judah ahead of him to Joseph to get directions to Goshen. When they arrived in the region of Goshen, 29 Joseph had his chariot made ready and went to Goshen to meet his father Israel. As soon as Joseph appeared before him, he threw his arms around his father and wept for a long time.
30 Israel said to Joseph, “Now I am ready to die, since I have seen for myself that you are still alive.”
31 Then Joseph said to his brothers and to his father’s household, “I will go up and speak to Pharaoh and will say to him, ‘My brothers and my father’s household, who were living in the land of Canaan, have come to me. 32 The men are shepherds; they tend livestock, and they have brought along their flocks and herds and everything they own.’ 33 When Pharaoh calls you in and asks, ‘What is your occupation?’ 34 you should answer, ‘Your servants have tended livestock from our boyhood on, just as our fathers did.’ Then you will be allowed to settle in the region of Goshen, for all shepherds are detestable to the Egyptians.”
Exodus 9
New International Version (NIV)
The Plague on Livestock
Then the Lord said to Moses, “Go to Pharaoh and say to him, ‘This is what the Lord, the God of the Hebrews, says: “Let my people go, so that they may worship me.” If you refuse to let them go and continue to hold them back, the hand of the Lord will bring a terrible plague on your livestock in the field—on your horses, donkeys and camels and on your cattle, sheep and goats. But the Lord will make a distinction between the livestock of Israel and that of Egypt, so that no animal belonging to the Israelites will die.’”
The Lord set a time and said, “Tomorrow the Lord will do this in the land.” And the next day the Lord did it: All the livestock of the Egyptians died, but not one animal belonging to the Israelites died. Pharaoh investigated and found that not even one of the animals of the Israelites had died. Yet his heart was unyielding and he would not let the people go.
The Plague of Boils
Then the Lord said to Moses and Aaron, “Take handfuls of soot from a furnace and have Moses toss it into the air in the presence of Pharaoh. It will become fine dust over the whole land of Egypt, and festering boils will break out on people and animals throughout the land.”
10 So they took soot from a furnace and stood before Pharaoh. Moses tossed it into the air, and festering boils broke out on people and animals. 11 The magicians could not stand before Moses because of the boils that were on them and on all the Egyptians. 12 But the Lord hardened Pharaoh’s heart and he would not listen to Moses and Aaron, just as the Lord had said to Moses.
The Plague of Hail
13 Then the Lord said to Moses, “Get up early in the morning, confront Pharaoh and say to him, ‘This is what the Lord, the God of the Hebrews, says: Let my people go, so that they may worship me, 14 or this time I will send the full force of my plagues against you and against your officials and your people, so you may know that there is no one like me in all the earth. 15 For by now I could have stretched out my hand and struck you and your people with a plague that would have wiped you off the earth. 16 But I have raised you up for this very purpose, that I might show you my power and that my name might be proclaimed in all the earth. 17 You still set yourself against my people and will not let them go. 18 Therefore, at this time tomorrow I will send the worst hailstorm that has ever fallen on Egypt, from the day it was founded till now. 19 Give an order now to bring your livestock and everything you have in the field to a place of shelter, because the hail will fall on every person and animal that has not been brought in and is still out in the field, and they will die.’”
20 Those officials of Pharaoh who feared the word of the Lord hurried to bring their slaves and their livestock inside. 21 But those who ignored the word of the Lord left their slaves and livestock in the field.
22 Then the Lord said to Moses, “Stretch out your hand toward the sky so that hail will fall all over Egypt—on people and animals and on everything growing in the fields of Egypt.” 23 When Moses stretched out his staff toward the sky, the Lord sent thunder and hail, and lightning flashed down to the ground. So the Lord rained hail on the land of Egypt; 24 hail fell and lightning flashed back and forth. It was the worst storm in all the land of Egypt since it had become a nation. 25 Throughout Egypt hail struck everything in the fields—both people and animals; it beat down everything growing in the fields and stripped every tree. 26 The only place it did not hail was the land of Goshen, where the Israelites were.
27 Then Pharaoh summoned Moses and Aaron. “This time I have sinned,” he said to them. “The Lord is in the right, and I and my people are in the wrong. 28 Pray to the Lord, for we have had enough thunder and hail. I will let you go; you don’t have to stay any longer.”
29 Moses replied, “When I have gone out of the city, I will spread out my hands in prayer to the Lord. The thunder will stop and there will be no more hail, so you may know that the earth is the Lord’s. 30 But I know that you and your officials still do not fear the Lord God.”
31 (The flax and barley were destroyed, since the barley had headed and the flax was in bloom. 32 The wheat and spelt, however, were not destroyed, because they ripen later.)
33 Then Moses left Pharaoh and went out of the city. He spread out his hands toward the Lord; the thunder and hail stopped, and the rain no longer poured down on the land. 34 When Pharaoh saw that the rain and hail and thunder had stopped, he sinned again: He and his officials hardened their hearts. 35 So Pharaoh’s heart was hard and he would not let the Israelites go, just as the Lord had said through Moses.

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