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February 8 - Evening

"The Lord said to Moses, 'Speak to the Israelites and say to them: "These are my appointed festivals, the appointed festivals of the Lord, which you are to proclaim as sacred assemblies..."
- Leviticus 23:1-2

The Festivals That Would Prevent Israel from Forgetting the Lord

Israel's worship of the Lord and part of their covenant responsibility was to celebrate a series of annual feasts.
The feasts established by the Lord can be divided into the spring feasts (Passover, Unleavened Bread, Firstfruits, Feast of Weeks) and fall feasts (Trumpets, Day of Atonement, Feast of Tabernacles). The fall feasts would begin in the seventh month (Sept/Oct) when the dry, hot summer came to an end. Harvest would include the picking of the grapes and the olives. By the end of October the rains would begin and continue until March.

Leviticus 23:4-8 - Passover and Unleavened Bread – Passover was the greatest feast of the year and commemorated the greatest event in Israel’s history – The Lord’s deliverance from Egypt. The use of unleavened bread commemorates the historical fact that Israel left Egypt in haste (not in waves of escaped slaves, or due to changes in Egypt’s economic conditions) because of Pharaoh’s sudden decision to let the Hebrew slaves go after the plague of the death of the firstborn.  It was a deliverance by the Lord and it was in haste! Go! Get out of the land!

Leviticus 23:9-14 – Feast of Firstfruits – This feast was closely associated with the Passover.  The firstfruits of the spring would have been barely. There would be a presentation of the sheaf on the day after the Sabbath which symbolized the dedication of the whole year’s crop. Nothing of this year’s crop could be eaten until the firstfruits were offered.

Leviticus 23:15-22 - Festival of Weeks (Pentecost) – Is also called the Feast of Harvest in Exodus 23:16. This feast would occur seven weeks and one day after Sabbath after the full moon of the Passover, so somewhere from the end of May to mid-June as the wheat harvest was ending. All the men would have to appear at the Tabernacle.

Leviticus 23:23-25 - Festival of Trumpets – This was a one day celebration that receives no emphasis here or throughout the rest of the Old Testament.  The focus of this feast seems to be the accurate establishment of the beginning of the seventh month. It was a sort of synchronizing of their watches, or, in this case, their calendars.

Leviticus 23:26-32 - Day of Atonement – This was the most solemn and holy day. While the high priest was busy with the sacrifice of the bull for his sins and the two goats (one was sacrificed for the people and the other was released into the wilderness with the sins of the people) the people were to be fasting, repenting and not working. This feast cleansed the Tabernacle of the rebellion and sin of the people and the priests, while covering their sins for another year.

Leviticus 23:33-44 - Festival of Tabernacles – For one week the people were to leave their homes and live in shelters made of branches. This was to remind them of having once lived in tents wandering in the wilderness for forty years.  They could reflect on what it takes to be a great, robust culture and how dependence on God’s leadership and provision is crucial. They could be thankful that diligence to hard work and obedience to God’s law provided them with their good land, their abundant provisions and their nice homes.  Or, as Deuteronomy 8:11-14 tells them:
“Be careful that you do not forget the Lord your God, failing to observe his commands, his laws and his decrees that I am giving you this day. Otherwise, when you eat and are satisfied, when you build fine houses and settle down, and when your herds and flocks grow large and your silver and gold increase and all you have is multiplied, then your heart will become proud and you will forget the Lord your God, who brought you out of Egypt, out of the land of slavery.”

Two other feasts that are not original to the Law of Moses, but are celebrated by Jews today are Purim, which was established as a result of the deliverance of the Jews by Esther in Persia, and Hanukkah, which celebrates the deliverance of Israel from the Syrians and the rededication of the temple in 165 BC by Judas Maccabaeus.
It should be noted that Jesus’ redemptive work occurred on Passover, Unleavened Bread, and Pentecost, so that today Christians celebrate Jesus death on Passover, his Resurrection on the Feast of Unleavened Bread, and the coming of the Holy Spirit into the church on Pentecost. The dates do not always match up any longer since there has been 2,000 years of adjustments to the different calendars.
Manna (Gr) – Manna Eng) - manna is Greek word that means "manna" in English. The Greek word is simply a transliteration of the Hebrew word men which literally means, "What is it?" Men, or "what is it?" is what the Israelites called the manna they saw each morning in the wilderness.
Do I speak truthfully to my family? Do I speak truth at work? at church?
Am I honest with myself, or am I trying to hide things that I do not want to confront?
I will speak truth and seek truth, because anything else is wickedness.

Bible Reading Descriptions Here


(morning only)

Complete Text

General Text


Ask God to convict you of sin, error


Church staff
Intense drive for Global politics and economy

This is a Roman column found in Jerusalem from the reign of Vespasian (69-79 AD) and his son Titus (79-81 AD). The inscription says:

Imperator Caesar Vespasianus Augustus, Imperator Titus Cae- sar Vespasianus Augustus Filius [Lucius Flavius Silva legatus] Augusti pro praetore Legio X Fretensis

A map detailing Isaacs encounter with Abimelech in Genesis 26.

Someone to Quote

“There are two ways to get enough. One is to continue to accumulate more and more. The other is to desire less.” 
- G.K. Chesterton

Something to Ponder

“You can always find evil men coming from wickedness to virtue. And you can always find righteous men returning from progress towards virtue to the flood of wickedness…Now, from the parable of the dragnet, the heretics introduce the doctrine of different natures. Let them tell us in regard to the wicked man who afterwards turned aside from al the wickedness…what nature he was when he was wicked?”  – Origen, 245 AD

Here’s a Fact

The OT scriptures reveal how Israel mixed Yahweh worship into Canaanite worship during the days of Judges and the kings after David. At local high places the Israelites united the worship of Yahweh with Baal and Asherah. In 1975 a large storage jar from around 750 BC was found with an inscription in ancient Hebrew that read, “Yahweh of Samaria and his Asherah.”


"My mouth speaks what is true, for my lips detest wickedness."
- Proverbs 8:7

Coach’s Corner

Persistence has proven to be important in prayer, business, relationships, ministry, athletics and any endeavor that results in success.

Exodus 10
New International Version (NIV)
The Plague of Locusts
10 Then the Lord said to Moses, “Go to Pharaoh, for I have hardened his heart and the hearts of his officials so that I may perform these signs of mine among them that you may tell your children and grandchildren how I dealt harshly with the Egyptians and how I performed my signs among them, and that you may know that I am the Lord.”
So Moses and Aaron went to Pharaoh and said to him, “This is what the Lord, the God of the Hebrews, says: ‘How long will you refuse to humble yourself before me? Let my people go, so that they may worship me. If you refuse to let them go, I will bring locusts into your country tomorrow. They will cover the face of the ground so that it cannot be seen. They will devour what little you have left after the hail, including every tree that is growing in your fields. They will fill your houses and those of all your officials and all the Egyptians—something neither your parents nor your ancestors have ever seen from the day they settled in this land till now.’” Then Moses turned and left Pharaoh.
Pharaoh’s officials said to him, “How long will this man be a snare to us? Let the people go, so that they may worship the Lord their God. Do you not yet realize that Egypt is ruined?”
Then Moses and Aaron were brought back to Pharaoh. “Go, worship the Lord your God,” he said. “But tell me who will be going.”
Moses answered, “We will go with our young and our old, with our sons and our daughters, and with our flocks and herds, because we are to celebrate a festival to the Lord.”
10 Pharaoh said, “The Lord be with you—if I let you go, along with your women and children! Clearly you are bent on evil. 11 No! Have only the men go and worship the Lord, since that’s what you have been asking for.” Then Moses and Aaron were driven out of Pharaoh’s presence.
12 And the Lord said to Moses, “Stretch out your hand over Egypt so that locusts swarm over the land and devour everything growing in the fields, everything left by the hail.”
13 So Moses stretched out his staff over Egypt, and the Lord made an east wind blow across the land all that day and all that night. By morning the wind had brought the locusts; 14 they invaded all Egypt and settled down in every area of the country in great numbers. Never before had there been such a plague of locusts, nor will there ever be again. 15 They covered all the ground until it was black. They devoured all that was left after the hail—everything growing in the fields and the fruit on the trees. Nothing green remained on tree or plant in all the land of Egypt.
16 Pharaoh quickly summoned Moses and Aaron and said, “I have sinned against the Lord your God and against you. 17 Now forgive my sin once more and pray to the Lord your God to take this deadly plague away from me.”
18 Moses then left Pharaoh and prayed to the Lord. 19 And the Lord changed the wind to a very strong west wind, which caught up the locusts and carried them into the Red Sea. Not a locust was left anywhere in Egypt. 20 But the Lord hardened Pharaoh’s heart, and he would not let the Israelites go.
The Plague of Darkness
21 Then the Lord said to Moses, “Stretch out your hand toward the sky so that darkness spreads over Egypt—darkness that can be felt.” 22 So Moses stretched out his hand toward the sky, and total darkness covered all Egypt for three days. 23 No one could see anyone else or move about for three days. Yet all the Israelites had light in the places where they lived.
24 Then Pharaoh summoned Moses and said, “Go, worship the Lord. Even your women and children may go with you; only leave your flocks and herds behind.”
25 But Moses said, “You must allow us to have sacrifices and burnt offerings to present to the Lord our God. 26 Our livestock too must go with us; not a hoof is to be left behind. We have to use some of them in worshiping the Lord our God, and until we get there we will not know what we are to use to worship the Lord.”
27 But the Lord hardened Pharaoh’s heart, and he was not willing to let them go. 28 Pharaoh said to Moses, “Get out of my sight! Make sure you do not appear before me again! The day you see my face you will die.”
29 “Just as you say,” Moses replied. “I will never appear before you again.”
Exodus 29
New International Version (NIV)
Consecration of the Priests
29 “This is what you are to do to consecrate them, so they may serve me as priests: Take a young bull and two rams without defect. And from the finest wheat flour make round loaves without yeast, thick loaves without yeast and with olive oil mixed in, and thin loaves without yeast and brushed with olive oil. Put them in a basket and present them along with the bull and the two rams. Then bring Aaron and his sons to the entrance to the tent of meeting and wash them with water. Take the garments and dress Aaron with the tunic, the robe of the ephod, the ephod itself and the breastpiece. Fasten the ephod on him by its skillfully woven waistband. Put the turban on his head and attach the sacred emblem to the turban. Take the anointing oil and anoint him by pouring it on his head. Bring his sons and dress them in tunics and fasten caps on them. Then tie sashes on Aaron and his sons. The priesthood is theirs by a lasting ordinance.
“Then you shall ordain Aaron and his sons.
10 “Bring the bull to the front of the tent of meeting, and Aaron and his sons shall lay their hands on its head. 11 Slaughter it in the Lord’s presence at the entrance to the tent of meeting. 12 Take some of the bull’s blood and put it on the horns of the altar with your finger, and pour out the rest of it at the base of the altar. 13 Then take all the fat on the internal organs, the long lobe of the liver, and both kidneys with the fat on them, and burn them on the altar. 14 But burn the bull’s flesh and its hide and its intestines outside the camp. It is a sin offering.
15 “Take one of the rams, and Aaron and his sons shall lay their hands on its head. 16 Slaughter it and take the blood and splash it against the sides of the altar. 17 Cut the ram into pieces and wash the internal organs and the legs, putting them with the head and the other pieces. 18 Then burn the entire ram on the altar. It is a burnt offering to the Lord, a pleasing aroma, a food offering presented to the Lord.
19 “Take the other ram, and Aaron and his sons shall lay their hands on its head. 20 Slaughter it, take some of its blood and put it on the lobes of the right ears of Aaron and his sons, on the thumbs of their right hands, and on the big toes of their right feet. Then splash blood against the sides of the altar. 21 And take some blood from the altar and some of the anointing oil and sprinkle it on Aaron and his garments and on his sons and their garments. Then he and his sons and their garments will be consecrated.
22 “Take from this ram the fat, the fat tail, the fat on the internal organs, the long lobe of the liver, both kidneys with the fat on them, and the right thigh. (This is the ram for the ordination.) 23 From the basket of bread made without yeast, which is before the Lord, take one round loaf, one thick loaf with olive oil mixed in, and one thin loaf. 24 Put all these in the hands of Aaron and his sons and have them wave them before the Lord as a wave offering. 25 Then take them from their hands and burn them on the altar along with the burnt offering for a pleasing aroma to the Lord, a food offering presented to the Lord. 26 After you take the breast of the ram for Aaron’s ordination, wave it before the Lord as a wave offering, and it will be your share.
27 “Consecrate those parts of the ordination ram that belong to Aaron and his sons: the breast that was waved and the thigh that was presented. 28 This is always to be the perpetual share from the Israelites for Aaron and his sons. It is the contribution the Israelites are to make to the Lord from their fellowship offerings.
29 “Aaron’s sacred garments will belong to his descendants so that they can be anointed and ordained in them. 30 The son who succeeds him as priest and comes to the tent of meeting to minister in the Holy Place is to wear them seven days.
31 “Take the ram for the ordination and cook the meat in a sacred place. 32 At the entrance to the tent of meeting, Aaron and his sons are to eat the meat of the ram and the bread that is in the basket. 33 They are to eat these offerings by which atonement was made for their ordination and consecration. But no one else may eat them, because they are sacred. 34 And if any of the meat of the ordination ram or any bread is left over till morning, burn it up. It must not be eaten, because it is sacred.
35 “Do for Aaron and his sons everything I have commanded you, taking seven days to ordain them. 36 Sacrifice a bull each day as a sin offering to make atonement. Purify the altar by making atonement for it, and anoint it to consecrate it. 37 For seven days make atonement for the altar and consecrate it. Then the altar will be most holy, and whatever touches it will be holy.
38 “This is what you are to offer on the altar regularly each day: two lambs a year old. 39 Offer one in the morning and the other at twilight. 40 With the first lamb offer a tenth of an ephah of the finest flour mixed with a quarter of a hin of oil from pressed olives, and a quarter of a hin of wine as a drink offering. 41 Sacrifice the other lamb at twilight with the same grain offering and its drink offering as in the morning—a pleasing aroma, a food offering presented to the Lord.
42 “For the generations to come this burnt offering is to be made regularly at the entrance to the tent of meeting, before the Lord. There I will meet you and speak to you; 43 there also I will meet with the Israelites, and the place will be consecrated by my glory.
44 “So I will consecrate the tent of meeting and the altar and will consecrate Aaron and his sons to serve me as priests. 45 Then I will dwell among the Israelites and be their God. 46 They will know that I am the Lord their God, who brought them out of Egypt so that I might dwell among them. I am the Lord their God.

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