Spiritual Training

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April 5 - Evening

"David took up this lament concerning Saul and his son Jonathan, and he ordered that the people of Judah be taught this lament of the bow (it is written in the Book of Jashar):
'A gazelle lies slain on your heights, Israel. How the mighty have fallen! Tell it not in Gath, proclaim it not in the streets of Ashkelon, lest the daughters of the Philistines be glad, lest the daughters of the uncircumcised rejoice...' "

- Second Samuel 1:17-20

David Laments Saul and Jonathan's Death

Upon hearing of Saul and Jonathan’s death David writes a very moving song of lamentation to honor Israel’s King and Prince. In spite of all the hardships Saul brought to David, and to the people of Israel in general, David still finds several things worthy of honoring in Saul’s life.

David’s words concerning Jonathan are particularly moving since Jonathan was one of David’s closest friends. Jonathan was also a likeminded believer in the Lord who demonstrated faith and tremendous confidence because of his relationship with the Lord. It would have certainly been interesting to see Jonathan grow old and serve alongside David in his new united kingdom in Jerusalem.

The “Book of Jashar” was a book of early Hebrew poetry and lyrics that recognized and recorded the heroic acts of God-fearing people. The “Book of Jashar” is also mentioned in Joshua 10:12-13. No copies or manuscripts of this book have been found, but the Bible does preserve a quote from this ancient book concerning a song from one of Joshua’s battles (Jos. 10:12-13).

In David’s lamentation Saul and Jonathan are identified as “the mighty” and as “weapons of war.” David desires that news of Saul and Jonathan’s death not reach the Philistines or else there would be gladness and rejoicing in the streets of Gath and Ashkelon. These were two of the five Philistine cities that made up the Pentapolis (or, the five major cities of Philistia) along with Ashdod, Gaza and Ekron.

David's respect for Saul, the Lord's anointed king, was more of a reflection of David's reverence for the Lord than it was for his admiration for the man and character of Saul. David’s attitude toward God was reflected in his attitude toward people both in respect and in judgment.
Protos (Gr) – first (Eng) – protos is Greek word that identifies that which is “the first” or “the chief.” Protos is used to refer to leaders of a city or a community in Mark 6:21; Acts 13:50 and 17:4.
Do I allow my reverence for God to be displayed in my respect for people in authority and for all people in general? I will speak well of others and honor those around me as an indication of my reverence for the Lord and my faith in his will.

Bible Reading Descriptions Here


(morning only)

Complete Text

General Text


Relationships at work


Long for Christ's return

Waters at Caesarea Philippi near the Gates of Hades. These are some of the original waters that feed into the Sea of Galilee and become the Jordan River. (Details)

Galyn's video of the Gates of Hades at Caeserea Philippi below:
A list of 35 battles that have been fought in the
Jezreel Valley (or, Megiddo Valley or Armageddon)

Someone to Quote

Waters at Caesarea Philippi near the Gates of Hades. These are some of the original waters that feed into the Sea of Galilee and become the Jordan River. (Details)

Galyn's video of the Gates of Hades at Caeserea Philippi below:

Something to Ponder

In 1173 Peter Waldo set aside an adequate amount of money for his wife and placed his two daughters in a convent. Waldo then gave the rest of his estate to the poor and began traveling to teaching the common people about Jesus Christ. People began to follow and imitate Waldo. These traveling teachers were called the Poor Men of Lyons or Waldensians. They traveled as twos and taught the Bible to people gathered in the marketplaces. Because the New Testament teaching revealed by the Walensians was so contrary to the teaching of the church and the way the church was currently operating the official church ordered them to stop, excommunicated Peter Waldo and outlawed unofficial Bible teaching.

Here’s a Fact

Forty-two foot long timber and shorter pieces found in secondary use on the Temple Mount in Jerusalem have been tested to show they originally came from the Forests of Lebanon have been dated from 100 BC to 884 BC. These timbers could have been used in buildings on the Temple Mount built by Herod. One beam was dated to 884 BC (+/- 180 years) could have been from Solomon's Temple or the surrounding buildings. (Details 1, 2, 3. Photos, Video.)


"Then out came a woman to meet him, dressed like a prostitute and with crafty intent. (She is unruly and defiant, her feet never stay at home; now in the street, now in the squares, at every corner she lurks.)"
- Proverbs 7:10-12

Coach’s Corner

A conflict with another person does not need to destroy the relationship. In fact, when conflict is handled responsibly relationships can be strengthened and made deeper.

Joshua 10:12-13
New International Version (NIV)
12 On the day the Lord gave the Amorites over to Israel, Joshua said to the Lord in the presence of Israel:
“Sun, stand still over Gibeon,     and you, moon, over the Valley of Aijalon.”
So the sun stood still,     and the moon stopped,     till the nation avenged itself on its enemies,
as it is written in the Book of Jashar.
The sun stopped in the middle of the sky and delayed going down about a full day.
1 Samuel 22
New International Version (NIV)
David at Adullam and Mizpah
22 David left Gath and escaped to the cave of Adullam. When his brothers and his father’s household heard about it, they went down to him there. All those who were in distress or in debt or discontented gathered around him, and he became their commander. About four hundred men were with him.
From there David went to Mizpah in Moab and said to the king of Moab, “Would you let my father and mother come and stay with you until I learn what God will do for me?” So he left them with the king of Moab, and they stayed with him as long as David was in the stronghold.
But the prophet Gad said to David, “Do not stay in the stronghold. Go into the land of Judah.” So David left and went to the forest of Hereth.
Saul Kills the Priests of Nob
Now Saul heard that David and his men had been discovered. And Saul was seated, spear in hand, under the tamarisk tree on the hill at Gibeah, with all his officials standing at his side. He said to them, “Listen, men of Benjamin! Will the son of Jesse give all of you fields and vineyards? Will he make all of you commanders of thousands and commanders of hundreds? Is that why you have all conspired against me? No one tells me when my son makes a covenant with the son of Jesse. None of you is concerned about me or tells me that my son has incited my servant to lie in wait for me, as he does today.”
But Doeg the Edomite, who was standing with Saul’s officials, said, “I saw the son of Jesse come to Ahimelek son of Ahitub at Nob. 10 Ahimelek inquired of the Lord for him; he also gave him provisions and the sword of Goliath the Philistine.”
11 Then the king sent for the priest Ahimelek son of Ahitub and all the men of his family, who were the priests at Nob, and they all came to the king. 12 Saul said, “Listen now, son of Ahitub.”
“Yes, my lord,” he answered.
13 Saul said to him, “Why have you conspired against me, you and the son of Jesse, giving him bread and a sword and inquiring of God for him, so that he has rebelled against me and lies in wait for me, as he does today?”
14 Ahimelek answered the king, “Who of all your servants is as loyal as David, the king’s son-in-law, captain of your bodyguard and highly respected in your household? 15 Was that day the first time I inquired of God for him? Of course not! Let not the king accuse your servant or any of his father’s family, for your servant knows nothing at all about this whole affair.”
16 But the king said, “You will surely die, Ahimelek, you and your whole family.”
17 Then the king ordered the guards at his side: “Turn and kill the priests of the Lord, because they too have sided with David. They knew he was fleeing, yet they did not tell me.”
But the king’s officials were unwilling to raise a hand to strike the priests of the Lord.
18 The king then ordered Doeg, “You turn and strike down the priests.” So Doeg the Edomite turned and struck them down. That day he killed eighty-five men who wore the linen ephod. 19 He also put to the sword Nob, the town of the priests, with its men and women, its children and infants, and its cattle, donkeys and sheep.
20 But one son of Ahimelek son of Ahitub, named Abiathar, escaped and fled to join David. 21 He told David that Saul had killed the priests of the Lord. 22 Then David said to Abiathar, “That day, when Doeg the Edomite was there, I knew he would be sure to tell Saul. I am responsible for the death of your whole family. 23 Stay with me; don’t be afraid. The man who wants to kill you is trying to kill me too. You will be safe with me.”
Judges 18
New International Version (NIV)
The Danites Settle in Laish
18 In those days Israel had no king.
And in those days the tribe of the Danites was seeking a place of their own where they might settle, because they had not yet come into an inheritance among the tribes of Israel.
So the Danites sent five of their leading men from Zorah and Eshtaol to spy out the land and explore it. These men represented all the Danites. They told them, “Go, explore the land.”
So they entered the hill country of Ephraim and came to the house of Micah, where they spent the night.
When they were near Micah’s house, they recognized the voice of the young Levite; so they turned in there and asked him, “Who brought you here? What are you doing in this place? Why are you here?”
He told them what Micah had done for him, and said, “He has hired me and I am his priest.”
Then they said to him, “Please inquire of God to learn whether our journey will be successful.”
The priest answered them, “Go in peace. Your journey has the Lord’s approval.”
So the five men left and came to Laish, where they saw that the people were living in safety, like the Sidonians, at peace and secure. And since their land lacked nothing, they were prosperous. Also, they lived a long way from the Sidonians and had no relationship with anyone else.
When they returned to Zorah and Eshtaol, their fellow Danites asked them, “How did you find things?”
They answered, “Come on, let’s attack them! We have seen the land, and it is very good. Aren’t you going to do something? Don’t hesitate to go there and take it over. 10 When you get there, you will find an unsuspecting people and a spacious land that God has put into your hands, a land that lacks nothing whatever.”
11 Then six hundred men of the Danites, armed for battle, set out from Zorah and Eshtaol. 12 On their way they set up camp near Kiriath Jearim in Judah. This is why the place west of Kiriath Jearim is called Mahaneh Dan to this day. 13 From there they went on to the hill country of Ephraim and came to Micah’s house.
14 Then the five men who had spied out the land of Laish said to their fellow Danites, “Do you know that one of these houses has an ephod, some household gods and an image overlaid with silver? Now you know what to do.” 15 So they turned in there and went to the house of the young Levite at Micah’s place and greeted him. 16 The six hundred Danites, armed for battle, stood at the entrance of the gate. 17 The five men who had spied out the land went inside and took the idol, the ephod and the household gods while the priest and the six hundred armed men stood at the entrance of the gate.
18 When the five men went into Micah’s house and took the idol, the ephod and the household gods, the priest said to them, “What are you doing?”
19 They answered him, “Be quiet! Don’t say a word. Come with us, and be our father and priest. Isn’t it better that you serve a tribe and clan in Israel as priest rather than just one man’s household?” 20 The priest was very pleased. He took the ephod, the household gods and the idol and went along with the people. 21 Putting their little children, their livestock and their possessions in front of them, they turned away and left.
22 When they had gone some distance from Micah’s house, the men who lived near Micah were called together and overtook the Danites. 23 As they shouted after them, the Danites turned and said to Micah, “What’s the matter with you that you called out your men to fight?”
24 He replied, “You took the gods I made, and my priest, and went away. What else do I have? How can you ask, ‘What’s the matter with you?’”
25 The Danites answered, “Don’t argue with us, or some of the men may get angry and attack you, and you and your family will lose your lives.” 26 So the Danites went their way, and Micah, seeing that they were too strong for him, turned around and went back home.
27 Then they took what Micah had made, and his priest, and went on to Laish, against a people at peace and secure. They attacked them with the sword and burned down their city. 28 There was no one to rescue them because they lived a long way from Sidon and had no relationship with anyone else. The city was in a valley near Beth Rehob.
The Danites rebuilt the city and settled there.
29 They named it Dan after their ancestor Dan, who was born to Israel—though the city used to be called Laish. 30 There the Danites set up for themselves the idol, and Jonathan son of Gershom, the son of Moses, and his sons were priests for the tribe of Dan until the time of the captivity of the land. 31 They continued to use the idol Micah had made, all the time the house of God was in Shiloh.

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