Spiritual Training

Spiritual Training X2

August 8 - Evening

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August 1 - Evening

"As the deer pants for streams of water, so my soul pants for you, my God. My soul thirsts for God, for the living God. When can I go and meet with God? My tears have been my food day and night, while people say to me all day long, 'Where is your God?' These things I remember as I pour out my soul: how I used to go to the house of God under the protection of the Mighty One with shouts of joy and praise among the festive throng. Why, my soul, are you downcast? Why so disturbed within me? Put your hope in God, for I will yet praise him, my Savior and my God."
- Psalms 42:1-5

Longing to Once Again Join the Worship Band

Psalm 42 begins “Book Two” of the collection of Hebrew psalms (Psalms 42-72). It is an accepted interpretation that Psalm 42 and 43 were originally one psalm. The reason for their division is unknown, but it could have been for liturgical purposes. The several reasons for understanding them to be two parts of the same psalm is:

1. Psalm 42 is titled, but Psalm 43 is not titled. You will notice that all of the psalms in “Book Two” of the psalms (Psalms 42-72) have titles with the only other exception being the next to last psalm in “Book Two,” which is Psalm 71. But, even Psalm 71 seems to be connected to Psalm 70 since it serves as an introduction to Psalm 71.
2. Hebrew manuscripts themselves exist that present Psalm 42 and 43 as a single psalm.
3. The same chorus is repeated three times after each of the three sets of verses which are presented like this:
  1. Stanza #1 (Psalm 42:1-4)
  2. Chorus (Psalm 42:5)
  3. Stanza #2 (Psalm 42:6-10)
  4. Chorus repeated (Psalm 42:11)
  5. Stanza #3 (Psalm 43:1-4)
  6. Chorus repeated (Psalm 43:5)

Psalm 42 is about someone being separated from the worship of God for some reason. It appears the separated writer was one of the Levites from the family of Korah who may have been physically removed from worshipping the presence of the Lord at the temple in Jerusalem because of exile, expulsion, uncleanness, sickness, travel or some other unknown reason.

The second best thing to being there for the Levitical worship service was the memory of having once been part of the “procession to the house of God….among the festive throng.” (Psalm 42:4) At least this person could recall better times of being in the midst of the crowd worshipping God as he sang and performed skillfully on his musical instrument.

This Levite compares his desire to worship God to the desire of a deer for water. This water is called “streams of water” which is known as moving water or living water in contrast to stagnant pools of stale water. So, of course, the psalmist compares the deer searching for streams of living water to his soul’s desire “for God, for the living God.” (Psalm 42:1-2) It is interesting to note that in this second book of Psalms the writers typically refer to “God”, or Elohim, instead of “Lord”, YHWH.

The chorus that is repeated three times voices the hope of the psalmist as he speaks to his own self that he will again “yet praise him, my Savior and my God.” (Psalm 42:5, 11 and Psalm 43:5)
Hupodeiknumi (Gr) – Warn (Eng) – a Greek word which comes from hupo meaning “under” and deiknumi meaning “to show.” Together hupo-deiknumi, “to show under” means “to give information,” “to share a private tip,” and “to point out” (as in Luke 3:7). The idea of hupodeiknumi can refer to thoughts making their way into the mind where they can be understood.
Today I will begin to be thankful for the great things that have happened in my past. I will remember the goodness of the Lord that I have already experience.

Bible Reading Descriptions Here


(morning only)

Complete Text

General Text


An elderly person


Vision of potential
Local economy

Original stone carvings and decoration from Herod's New Testament Temple time in the jamb of the Triple Gate in the south wall of the Temple Mount retaining wall. People visiting the Temple in the New Testament would have walked past this decorated gate jamb and ascended the stairs behind the blocked entrance on the right side of this photo to enter the Jewish Temple courts. (Details, Photo)
Details of the account of Deborah in
Judges chapter 4 on a map

Someone to Quote

(On taking an oath to uphold Magna Carta in 1253...)
"All these things shall I keep faithfully and undiminished, as a man, as a Christian, as a soldier, and as a king, crowned and anointed."
- Henry III (1207-1272),
King of England

Something to Ponder

Use these online flash cards to study and review the names of the Assyrian gods, then take the test -
Flash Cards and Test HERE

Here’s a Fact

Critics of Moses’ authorship of Exodus in 1400 BC instead assign the origins of the book of Exodus to the Jewish exiles in Babylon around 500-400 BC. The problem with the critics rejecting a 1400 BC date is the overwhelming amount of accurate details of Egyptian life, culture and land (slave-labor practice, royal court proceedings, Flora, fauna, language, geography of Egyptian) from the time of the Exodus. It is hard to imagine an author in Babylon 1000 years after the exodus writing a story that contains such an apparent familiarity with a land he had never seen from an age he had never lived in.


"The way of the Lord is a refuge for the righteous,
but it is the ruin of those who do evil."

- Proverbs 10:29

Coach’s Corner

The greatest miracle is salvation. The godliest spiritual manifestation is the transformed soul.

"When the priest Pashhur son of Immer, the official in charge of the temple of the Lord, heard Jeremiah prophesying these things, he had Jeremiah the prophet beaten and put in the stocks at the Upper Gate of Benjamin at the Lord’s temple.

The next day, when Pashhur released him from the stocks, Jeremiah said to him,

'The Lord’s name for you is not Pashhur, but Terror on Every Side. For this is what the Lord says: "I will make you a terror to yourself and to all your friends; with your own eyes you will see them fall by the sword of their enemies. I will give all Judah into the hands of the king of Babylon, who will carry them away to Babylon or put them to the sword… And you, Pashhur, and all who live in your house will go into exile to Babylon. There you will die and be buried, you and all your friends to whom you have prophesied lies." '

- Jeremiah 20:1-6

The Name of the Priest Pashhur is Changed to Terror-on-Every-Side

Pashhur, the chief officer in the temple, was the second in rank after the high priest. An ostracon found at the high place sanctuary in Arad from this time period has Pashhur’s name on it. (Arad High Place. Ostracon details.) The message Jeremiah had received and proclaim to the government leaders and the priest in the Hinnom Valley (Jeremiah 19) was now proclaimed on the Temple Mount in the hearing of Pashhur. The chief officer of the temple reacted to Jeremiah’s message with violence since Jeremiah’s teaching was contrary to Pashhur’s own prophetic messages he gave to the people of Judah. Because of this Jeremiah was beaten and imprisoned in stocks near an entrance to the Temple Mount on the north side of the Temple Mount. The Upper Gate on the Temple Mount refers a north gate that also served as an entrance to the city that led to the land of Benjamin on the north side of Jerusalem. Jeremiah’s arrest left him beaten and on display for public humiliation.

When Pashhur came to release Jeremiah the next day, Jeremiah announced a name change for Pashhur. Usually in the Bible a name change indicates a change of circumstances in the person’s life. Pashhur’s new name is Terror-on-Every-Side because Pashhur’s future is now going to be a future that involves extensive and intensive terror.

Pashhur, or Terror-on-Every-Side, will be the target and source of terror. He will see terrifying things and what others see happen to him will bring them terror.

  • Passhur will see his friends killed by Babylonian swords
  • Passhur will see Nebuchadnezzar take the whole land
  • Passhur will see his people taken in chains to Babylon
  • Passhur will see his priestly family taken to Babylon
  • Passhur will see Babylon in chains himself
  • Passhur will see his death in Babylon

It appears Pashhur’s anger with Jeremiah was because Jeremiah’s message of judgment was in conflict with Passhur’s message of hope, peace and security since Jeremiah tells Pashhur that he had prophesied lies to all his friends:

There you will die and be buried, you and all your friends to whom you have prophesied lies.

The mention of Babylon in Jeremiah 20:4 is Jeremiah’s first mention of the Babylon. This is the year 603 BC and with General Nebuchadnezzar’s victory over Assyria at Carchemish in 605 Babylon has suddenly become a major power in the Middle East. Jeremiah has been talking about an invasion from the north since chapter one (648 BC), but now 45 years later that power from the north, that will serve as God’s hand of judgment, has manifested as Babylon.

Hupakeo (Gr) – obedience (Eng) – the Greek word hupakoe is a compound word from hupo meaning “under” and akouo meaning “to hear.” Together hupo-akouo mean “under-hearing” and is translated as “obedience”, “obey” and “obedient.” Hupakoe is used in Romans 6:16; 2 Corinthians 7:15; Philemon 21
I will consider the cares, concerns and worries of another person today, before I consider all the things I think about concerning myself.


(morning only)

Complete Text

General Text

Ezra 2 (538 BC)


Open doors for financial growth


Grow in faith
Illegal Aliens

Flowers in a field in June in the Hill Country of Benjamin.
Salem or Jebus in 2000-1000 BC. (More details)
Ezra 2 New International Version (NIV)
The List of the Exiles Who Returned
Now these are the people of the province who came up from the captivity of the exiles, whom Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon had taken captive to Babylon (they returned to Jerusalem and Judah, each to their own town, in company with Zerubbabel, Joshua, Nehemiah, Seraiah, Reelaiah, Mordecai, Bilshan, Mispar, Bigvai, Rehum and Baanah):
The list of the men of the people of Israel:
the descendants of Parosh
of Shephatiah
of Arah
of Pahath-Moab (through the line of Jeshua and Joab)
of Elam
of Zattu
of Zakkai
of Bani
of Bebai
of Azgad
of Adonikam
of Bigvai
of Adin
of Ater (through Hezekiah)
of Bezai
of Jorah
of Hashum
of Gibbar






























the men of Bethlehem
of Netophah
of Anathoth
of Azmaveth
of Kiriath Jearim, Kephirah and Beeroth
of Ramah and Geba
of Mikmash
of Bethel and Ai
of Nebo
of Magbish
of the other Elam
of Harim
of Lod, Hadid and Ono
of Jericho
of Senaah































36 The priests:

of Immer
of Pashhur
of Harim
the descendants of Jedaiah (through the family of Jeshua)








40 The Levites:

the descendants of Jeshua and Kadmiel (of the line of Hodaviah)


41 The musicians:

the descendants of Asaph


42 The gatekeepers of the temple:

the descendants of
Shallum, Ater, Talmon,
Akkub, Hatita and Shobai


43 The temple servants:

Keros, Siaha, Padon,
Lebanah, Hagabah, Akkub,
Hagab, Shalmai, Hanan,
Giddel, Gahar, Reaiah,
Rezin, Nekoda, Gazzam,
Uzza, Paseah, Besai,
Asnah, Meunim, Nephusim,
Bakbuk, Hakupha, Harhur,
Bazluth, Mehida, Harsha,
Barkos, Sisera, Temah,
Neziah and Hatipha
the descendants of
Ziha, Hasupha, Tabbaoth,
55 The descendants of the servants of Solomon:
Jaala, Darkon, Giddel,
Shephatiah, Hattil,
the descendants of
Sotai, Hassophereth, Peruda,
Pokereth-Hazzebaim and Ami
The temple servants and the descendants of the servants of Solomon


59 The following came up from the towns of Tel Melah, Tel Harsha, Kerub, Addon and Immer, but they could not show that their families were descended from Israel:

60 The descendants of
Delaiah, Tobiah and Nekoda


61 And from among the priests:

The descendants of
Hobaiah, Hakkoz and Barzillai (a man who had married a daughter of Barzillai the Gileadite and was called by that name).
62 These searched for their family records, but they could not find them and so were excluded from the priesthood as unclean. 63 The governor ordered them not to eat any of the most sacred food until there was a priest ministering with the Urim and Thummim.
64 The whole company numbered 42,360, 65 besides their 7,337 male and female slaves; and they also had 200 male and female singers. 66 They had 736 horses, 245 mules, 67 435 camels and 6,720 donkeys.
68 When they arrived at the house of the Lord in Jerusalem, some of the heads of the families gave freewill offerings toward the rebuilding of the house of God on its site. 69 According to their ability they gave to the treasury for this work 61,000 darics of gold, 5,000 minas of silver and 100 priestly garments.
70 The priests, the Levites, the musicians, the gatekeepers and the temple servants settled in their own towns, along with some of the other people, and the rest of the Israelites settled in their towns.
New International Version (NIV)
Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV® Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by
Biblica, Inc.® Used by permission. All rights reserved worldwide.

Jeremiah 6 New International Version (NIV)
Jerusalem Under Siege

“Flee for safety, people of Benjamin!     Flee from Jerusalem! Sound the trumpet in Tekoa!     Raise the signal over Beth Hakkerem! For disaster looms out of the north,     even terrible destruction.

I will destroy Daughter Zion,     so beautiful and delicate.

Shepherds with their flocks will come against her;     they will pitch their tents around her,     each tending his own portion.”

“Prepare for battle against her!     Arise, let us attack at noon! But, alas, the daylight is fading,     and the shadows of evening grow long.

So arise, let us attack at night     and destroy her fortresses!”
This is what the Lord Almighty says:
“Cut down the trees     and build siege ramps against Jerusalem. This city must be punished;     it is filled with oppression.

As a well pours out its water,     so she pours out her wickedness. Violence and destruction resound in her;     her sickness and wounds are ever before me.

Take warning, Jerusalem,     or I will turn away from you and make your land desolate     so no one can live in it.”
This is what the Lord Almighty says:
“Let them glean the remnant of Israel     as thoroughly as a vine; pass your hand over the branches again,     like one gathering grapes.”
To whom can I speak and give warning?     Who will listen to me? Their ears are closed     so they cannot hear. The word of the Lord is offensive to them;     they find no pleasure in it.
But I am full of the wrath of the Lord,     and I cannot hold it in.
“Pour it out on the children in the street
    and on the young men gathered together; both husband and wife will be caught in it,     and the old, those weighed down with years.
Their houses will be turned over to others,     together with their fields and their wives, when I stretch out my hand     against those who live in the land,” declares the Lord.
“From the least to the greatest,     all are greedy for gain; prophets and priests alike,     all practice deceit.
They dress the wound of my people     as though it were not serious. ‘Peace, peace,’ they say,     when there is no peace.
Are they ashamed of their detestable conduct?     No, they have no shame at all;     they do not even know how to blush. So they will fall among the fallen;     they will be brought down when I punish them,” says the Lord.
16 This is what the Lord says:
“Stand at the crossroads and look;     ask for the ancient paths, ask where the good way is, and walk in it,     and you will find rest for your souls.     But you said, ‘We will not walk in it.’
I appointed watchmen over you and said,     ‘Listen to the sound of the trumpet!’     But you said, ‘We will not listen.’
Therefore hear, you nations;     you who are witnesses,     observe what will happen to them.
Hear, you earth:     I am bringing disaster on this people,     the fruit of their schemes, because they have not listened to my words     and have rejected my law.
What do I care about incense from Sheba     or sweet calamus from a distant land? Your burnt offerings are not acceptable;     your sacrifices do not please me.”
21 Therefore this is what the Lord says:
“I will put obstacles before this people.     Parents and children alike will stumble over them;     neighbors and friends will perish.”
22 This is what the Lord says:
“Look, an army is coming     from the land of the north; a great nation is being stirred up     from the ends of the earth.
They are armed with bow and spear;     they are cruel and show no mercy. They sound like the roaring sea     as they ride on their horses; they come like men in battle formation     to attack you, Daughter Zion.”
We have heard reports about them,     and our hands hang limp. Anguish has gripped us,     pain like that of a woman in labor.
Do not go out to the fields     or walk on the roads, for the enemy has a sword,     and there is terror on every side.
Put on sackcloth, my people,     and roll in ashes; mourn with bitter wailing     as for an only son, for suddenly the destroyer     will come upon us.
“I have made you a tester of metals     and my people the ore, that you may observe     and test their ways.
They are all hardened rebels,     going about to slander. They are bronze and iron;     they all act corruptly.
The bellows blow fiercely     to burn away the lead with fire, but the refining goes on in vain;     the wicked are not purged out.
They are called rejected silver,     because the Lord has rejected them.”
New International Version (NIV)
Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV® Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by
Biblica, Inc.® Used by permission. All rights reserved worldwide.
"But when I'd reached the bottom of a hill
it rose along the boundary of the valley
that had harassed my heart with so much fear
I looked on high and saw its shoulders clothed
already by the rays of that same planet
which serves to lead men straight along all roads.
At this my fear was somewhat quieted;
for through the night of sorrow I had spent,
the lake within my heart felt terror present.
And just as he who, with exhausted breath,
having escaped from sea to shore, turns back
to watch the dangerous waters he has quit,
so did my spirit, still a fugitive,
turn back to look intently at the pass
that never has let any man survive."

- Dante in his book/poem "The Divine Comedy"
written 1308-1321 AD
(read it here)

In 332 Alexander the Great approached Jerusalem after conqueroring Egypt. Jaddua is the high priest in Israel at the time (371-320) and mentioned in Nehemiah 12:10-11. Jaddua believes the young Macedonian, Alexander, could be the goat or the four-winged leopard of Daniel’s prophecy (Dan. 8:5-9 and 7:6).  So, as Alexander approached Jerusalem Jaddua did not lead Jerusalem to meet Alexander with military resistance, but instead put on his high priestly garments, took the Scriptures in his hands, opened the gates and went out to meet Alexander. The other priests went with him dressed in white robes. Alexander got off his horse and bowed in front of  Jaddua. Alexander then said that he had seen Jaddua in a vision and that Jaddua was a representative of heaven. Alexander told Jaddua that what he had to say would be of great advantage to Alexander. Jaddua then opened the scroll to Daniel and read to Alexander the prophecies of himself. Alexander then promised Jaddua that Jerusalem would never be touched nor its temple polluted. Alexander entered Jerusalem and worshipped as a Gentile at the temple. Before leaving in peace Alexander gave gifts to Jerusalem and to Jaddua.

Zarephath has been located and identified. Elijah stayed in Zarephath in 1 Kings 17:9. (Details 1, 2.)

"I was appointed from eternity, from the beginning,
before the world began."

- Proverbs 8:23

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